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LeeLehman's Classical Astrology Report



forVirginia Woolf




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Astrological Summary


Chart Point Positions: VirginiaWoolf







The Moon





The Sun




read into 10th House










read into 10th House





read into 2nd House




























Chart Point Aspects







The Moon


The Sun



The Moon





The Moon





The Moon





The Sun





The Sun





The Sun





The Sun





The Sun




















































The Purpose of thisReport


The purpose of this report is to present aview of the person that is helpful for the astrologer wishing to learnclassical method, or for the practitioner wishing to explore the moredeterministic aspects of the person's life. There is nothing in this reportthat says that one must act in the ways described. Rather, classical methodshows the easiest pathway, namely, the path of least resistance - not the bestpossible road, the road most frequently taken.

Classical and ModernAstrology


This report is based on the methods of classicalastrology. What is classical astrology? Historically, classical astrologyencompasses the many styles of delineation practiced prior to 1700. Generallyspeaking, the word is restricted to those styles practiced in the West: VedicAstrology, until recently mainly practiced in India, is a sister craft, and onethat shared some methods with Classical Astrology at critical stages in thedevelopment of both.


Classical Astrology, unlike ModernAstrology, does not approach an astrological chart from a psychological pointof view. The style is more predictive and pragmatic. There is less emphasis onmotivation and evolution; more emphasis on how, when and what rather than onwhy. To the person schooled in Modern Astrology, Classical Astrology can seemharsh and dictatorial. But those of us who practice it prefer to think of thisas liberating!


One clear example of the difference:consider the planet Saturn and its track across the heavens and its movementthrough time. This movement is called a transit. Transits of Saturn generally meant timesof hardship. Are these times a "pain in the butt" or an"opportunity?" Maybe calling these crisis times an"opportunity" or a "learning experience" reminds us that wedo have choices, and this is an important thing. But when you are gettingkicked in the teeth, so to speak, you are probably more interested in when youcan get back on your feet than on what the long term lesson is.


Because of the radically differentviewpoint between classical and modern interpretation, it could be argued thatboth styles of astrology can give valuable insights. Understanding thestrengths of each, we are in the position, as it were, of a martial artistconfronting a religious practitioner. Both have skills and knowledge. But themartial artist could benefit from the centering abilities taught throughmeditation; while the religious practitioner could use some practical selfdefense skills taught by the martial arts.


Classical Astrology excels at predictionthrough time, whereas modern astrology focuses on tendencies. It is as ifModern Astrology is best at the Noun ("Who are you?"), whileClassical Astrology is best at the Verb ("What do you want?). ClassicalAstrology is less agile at and motivational matters than her modern cousin. Likewise,Modern Astrology is less agile at recognizing genuine limits to action.


But this does not mean that ClassicalAstrology has nothing to say. The two most important candidates are firstly,matters concerning temperament, and secondly, something that Modern Astrologyavoids like the plague: good and evil. This goes to the heart of the othergreat question, "What do you want?" This latter question is often byaffected by temptation, greed, and other less than stellar desires.


The characterization of temperament orcomplexion is vital to the design of an effective lifestyle program forwellness. The idea is simple: we are each comprised of two sets of twoqualities: hot and cold, and wet and dry. The relative ratios of these fourcomponents induce what we might call a field matrix: a cluster of temperamentaland biological tendencies. This balance, in turn, can be threatened by stress,aging, or astrological transits or other dynamic indicators. The balance can bepartially or completely restored through dietary and exercise practices. Butthis can only be done by understanding the original balance, and how it got outof equilibrium.


But this leaves some differences in thematter of health between ancient and modern practice. Consider a statement inmy own report, "the body is subject to deformation as a result ofillness." This is because I have Saturn square the North Node. When I waseight years old, I had an accident with a scooter. The resulting cut on my kneewent all the way to the bone. Because of modern medicine, I was sewn up, givenantibiotics, and limped around for about three months. But had this been 1648,without antibiotics, the whole leg could have been lost to gangrene. Evenwithout infection, healing easily could have taken twice as long. During theyears of childhood, a disability for that length of time could have had aneffect on growth - resulting in a considerably shorter leg - and deformation!As it is, I have one leg shorter than the other - by half an inch. How muchmore it might have been without modern medicine can only be surmised.


With all the ancient statements of health,we need to be aware that many things which used to be life threatening are nolonger so. But there are dangers. It's just that many dire outcomes can be prevented.


Now we get to the thornier issue of goodand evil: words almost never heard in a modern reading of a birth chart, butcommon words among the ancients. Perhaps the greatest irony of this is thatModern Astrology has put itself into the camp of religious practice through itsemphasis on spiritual growth and unfolding potential. Yet this old dichotomy ofgood and evil has been completely excluded from consideration, like a badnightmare.


Are there evil birthcharts? Yes, thereare, according to Classical Astrology. But what constitutes evil? Of course, wehave a whole tool case of concepts, based on philosophical and religiousexperience, but let's simplify it down. Evil in the birthchart essentiallyresults from one primary cause: egotism, and the greed it often provokes. Ifyour chart shows that you value your comfort, your money, your family, and yourdesires as absolutely superior to those of others, then you have an evil chart.


Does this make you an evil person? Notnecessarily. Self observation has long been a critical factor in spiritualpractice. If you can curb your tendencies, then you can experience the struggleas the heat of true spiritual practice. The first step in this process is inunderstanding these tendencies, and that is where Classical Astrology comes in.


It is probably not too surprising that acursory exposure to the classical astrological classification of evil looksstunningly like the Seven Deadly Sins. Hardly surprising, given the length ofChristian domination, but also hardly surprising since the Church Fathersincreased the four virtues of Plato to seven, just equaling the number ofcardinal sins, and just fortuitously equaling the number of then known planets!Consider the following table:







Animal Nature















Irascible appetites





Appropriate appetites





Sexual appetites












 This table is not typical of the usual discussion of thequalities of the planets found in modern textbooks! This table is derived fromthe 17th Century astrologer Morinus (Astrologia Gallica), pp 304-307). However,they are not explicitly listed. The categories are taken from the descriptionsof the qualities of the planets when well or badly placed. In other words, the"Sin" column is a capsule summary of the way a planet works whenbadly afflicted, what used to be called "evilly placed!"


And here we have our astrological theoryof Good and Evil. A "good" planet acts like it is well placed; whilean "evil" planet acts like it is poorly placed. Now the simplestexplanation for "acting" well placed is for the planet to actually bewell placed. However, the pairing of vice and virtue shows the method to striveto transmute Evil into Good. But notice: without a frank appraisal of themalefic nature of certain placements, there is no free will possible. Consciouschoice is the way to bridge the gap from Evil to Good. Evading the uncomfortablemerely exacerbates the problem.


Having gotten this far, how do weunderstand contradictory indicators? Suppose your chart shows both a tendencytoward poverty and the ability to make money? The simple answer is that, overtime, both statements will be true. Rare indeed is the person who can makemoney under all circumstances, with any product, any company, or any partners.The more indicators of wealth, the easier it is for you to lean in thatdirection. The more indicators of poverty, the harder it is to work your wayout of debt if you get into it.


It is this frank discussion of tendencieswhich may be the most valuable part of Classical Astrology today. Considerfinancial matters. Classical Astrology breaks up the lifetime into threeperiods. For ease of expression, let's consider these three periods childhood(you're dependent on others for your finances), adulthood (you're dependent onyour own work or that of your partner), and retirement (you live off ofaccumulated wealth from your adult period). Now: suppose that the adult periodshows up as the strongest. This suggests that you really do need to payattention to saving money for retirement, because your tendency is tounderestimate your retirement needs. If your retirement period doesn't lookgood financially, then you shouldn't plan on becoming a Wall Street Maven whenyou have shown no talent in this vocation previously! You may not in fact findit easy to retire at all. On the other hand, if all three of these periods showas strong, then you can be one of those few people who really never need beconcerned about how you're going to pay for tomorrow.


Or consider your ability to hire people.You may think this doesn't apply because you are not a manager at work, butthis tendency applies to any work you contract: babysitting, lawn work, householdrepairs, gardening, or plumbing. Classical Astrology distinguishes between yourability to find and hire people of good character, versus your ability to getgood work out of them! Thus, you could hire the biggest scoundrels on theblock, but they do good work for you! Or you could hire the nicest peoplearound, but somehow, they never seem to get the job done.


These are pretty specific cases. And soback to our question of Classical and Modern. Is knowing your tendencies from afinancial point of view stifling your free will, or a basis for sound financialplanning?


One more point. Classical Astrology neverused the Outer Planets Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto. However, most modernClassicists do use them in a manner somewhat different from Modern astrologers.Most Classicists use them for their aspects and house placements, but not asrulers of signs or houses. While I personally use them, I have chosen not toinclude them in this report in order to keep this closer to the style ofdelineation that was practiced in classical times.


The information presented in this reportis one way to characterize a person. Like any report writer, this cannot beconsidered to be a complete or ultimate description. There is little likelihoodthat I would ever make this text the major portion of a delineation I gave to aclient - any more than this would be true of other report writers! This reporthopefully provides a bridge between a way of viewing life unfoldment in aculture which lacked much belief in the ability for self improvement, to aculture in which self improvement has become an obsession. Both viewpoints havetheir validity. To believe that everything that happens to the Native is aresult of her or his Free Will is to end up blaming the person when things go wrong.But to stand by when action is needed to change one's lot is folly.


Thus, I have chosen to translate much ofthe ancient descriptions into a more modern parlance. It is not my choice forClassical Astrology to remain pure in dogma, but dead in application. In thewords of Ken Wilbur, "If by 'ancient' we mean 'timeless,' then ... ourculture is in desparate need of such wisdom.... But if by 'ancient' we mean'past forms of Truth,; then I believe nothing but a reactionary,antiprogressive, antiliberal, anti-evolutionary stance could ever result fromsuch an importation." (The Eye of Spirit, p 61).

House Placements


Astrology groups themes under twelveareas, known as houses. These encompass the arenas of life in which it ispossible to classify circumstances. The difference between a planet and a houseis this: a planet represents a state of being, or an activity. A house showswhere that planet is most likely to manifest. When we talk about placement, weare talking about houses.


Planets do two things with respect tohouses: they occupy houses, and they rule houses. Modern Astrology for the mostpart has played down the importance of house rulership, while ClassicalAstrology considers both situations as nearly equal in value. The other thingthat these two concepts provide is linkage between themes.


For example, having your 9th House ruledby a planet in the 1st House links issues of the 9th and the 1st. This wouldmean that travel is very important to you, as is education, and religious,philosophical or spiritual ideas. Travel, education, and religious,philosophical or spiritual ideas are all 9th House matters: the 1st House showsthose issues which are most important for your happiness.


In all these examples, the outline isprovided by the placements, but then this is in turn modified by qualityconsiderations. So you enjoy travel. But suppose your 9th House ruler in the1st House is blocked or inhibited. You still enjoy travel, but you may get sickon trips. Education is important to you, but you get into arguments with yourinstructors, and they mark you down for it, and so you find it difficult to getahead. You might be very attracted to religious matters, but all the religioustypes you meet seem to be frauds, looking for a profit or some easy sex.


On the other hand, suppose your 9th Houseruler in the 1st House is especially strong. Now, you really seem to be able tohave the time to travel, and to enjoy it without too much worry. You encounterfew obstacles to your educational pursuits - except those you create foryourself!


In this fashion, we can evaluatedifference slices of life from the standpoint of how easy it is, where theobstacles occur, and when we have to really work to achieve a goal. Much of theinspiration for these ideas comes from the 17th Century English astrologerWilliam Lilly's book, Christian Astrology, in the natal section.


Sources for text are shown as anabbreviation after each paragraph. Note that the text is derived from thesevarious classical sources, and does not represent exact quotations.


C = Coley

GC = Gadbury & Coley

GF = Gadbury & Firmicus

iE = ibn Ezra

P = Partridge


Affairs of the 1stHouse: Health, Vitality, Happiness


It's funny: we almost never talk abouthappiness, as if it's somehow taboo to go through life happy. The ancientsdidn't think so. By linking health, vitality and happiness in the same house,they said something at once simple and profound: it's easiest to be happy orsatisfied with life when one doesn't have to think about health, and verydifficult to enjoy life in the midst of pain.


What is vitality? One simple explanationgiven by the ancients was the ability to live a long life. This is easier to doif the following conditions apply: you are basically healthy, not subject to aseries of debilitating diseases, not accident prone, not vindictive enough toput yourself into violent situations voluntarily, and not weighed down so muchby life that you passively roll over and play dead. We can see this qualityworking in studies of older patients, in which the more demanding or obnoxiousoutlive the more passive or meek.


But another level of vitality is a zestfor living. The 1st House shows you those matters which hold your interest:what intrigues, seduces, and tempts you to stay around, like the teaser at theend of the cliffhanger that brings you back for the sequel. If you are notengaged by life, not only are you not likely to enjoy it, but you won't fightvery hard to retain it.


The next component of thisvitality/happiness cluster is the quality of mind and manners of the Native.No, not Miss Manners. The 1st House tells in part the filter used when we reactto circumstances: is there a hair-trigger temper, or do we ponderously weighall alternatives before making a move? Are our reactive patterns based on coldlogic, or hot passion?


The Ascendant is in Gemini

On average, your appearance will tend inthe following directions, within the range of your genetic background: longarms; body straight & well-set, strong & active. Your Complexion is alittle obscure & dark, i.e., not clear; breasts large; eyes bright & piercing,tending toward hazel; your face a little swarthy; feet and finger long; hairtending to dark; hands & feet fleshy; good eyesight; speech good; andstature upright, straight, and tall. (C)


Dispositor of The Ascendantis Mercury

The Almuten of The Ascendantis Mercury

...and Mercury is Dignifiedby Face

You are a great searcher into manycuriosities, with an excellent wit, sharp imagination; you are inclinable toall kinds of learning, and are eloquent - a good orator. You are capable ofunderstanding the most occult mysteries, belonging to any area of knowledge,without much if any instruction. (C)


...and The chart is Diurnal

You associate with important persons, andoften end up managing their affairs, because you are prudent in your judgments.


...and Mercury is inAquarius

Your are suspicious, and not unwilling tobad-mouth others, but you willingly associate with spiritual or wise persons.


Dispositor of The Ascendantis in Aquarius

Your ankles, calves  may be a focal point of health issues.You would tend to a well-shaped body, middle stature, thick set, long visage,color moderate, clear complexion, hair brighter and fairer than typical foryour family. You tend toward leanness in early years, but corpulency later on,with a thin and narrow chin, and darker hair than your family pattern. As youget older, you may be troubled by cramps, gout, lameness, or varicose veins.You have a sober, yet graceful deportment, very affable and courteous to all.(C)


The South Node is in the 1stHouse

You experience mischief and trouble, beingperplexed in both body and mind. You are sad much of the time. Scandals andcalamities attend you. Your eyesight may be in danger. (GF)


Dispositor of The Ascendantis in 10th

You will be excellent in management,jurisprudence, or a profession. You will obtain many great and eminent friends,and profit by them. (GC)


...and Dispositor of TheAscendant is Contra-Antiscion Saturn

You are in danger of receiving some sortof sentence by a judge, or of displeasing a great person, or you will be seenas disloyal. (GC)


Affairs of the 2ndHouse: Money & Possessions


Of course, anyone who tells you moneydoesn't matter is most likely lying, or not paying attention! There areactually four houses that relate to money and possessions, but this one isusually the most obvious because it affects us on a very personal level.


So: the bottom line question raised bythis house is: will you be rich, and will you be able to hang on to it? Not,will you be well off, or will you have enough money not to worry about it.These are timid questions. The secondary question raised by this house is whatkind of affairs allow you to prosper? Notice that this is not the same asasking: what profession should I follow? The assumption that wealth is acquiredthrough personal work or toil is too limiting.


The down side of this house is that it mayalso show if you will have difficulty keeping your head above waterfinancially. However, it is to be hoped that, by understanding the complex ofcircumstances that results in poverty, you may gain some creative possibilitiesfor frustrating those circumstances, allowing you to escape by a means that maynot at first seem like the obvious path.


Mars is in the 2nd House

You have many troubles, vexations, andperturbations about riches. You can suffer the destruction of your capital. Youmay be the victim of theft, or losses through travel. (GF)


...and Mars is Dignified byTerm

You have too noble a spirit to be able todeal properly with money, so you squander it without thinking. (GF)


...and The chart is Diurnal

You may be estranged from your parents andhome, so you wander like an exile through foreign or unfamiliar places. (GF)


Ruler of the 2nd House isThe Moon

You will be most likely to make moneyfrom: all things that abound in moisture, the Sea, rivers, women, study ofhistory, embassies, navigation, wandering, drugs, etc. The people you will mostlikely work with are: eminent women, widows, common people, mariners, servantsor day laborers, ambassadors, messengers, fishermen, vagabonds, etc. (P)


Another way of looking at this is to sayyou profit from addressing issues or things that affect people's emotionalwell-being. You profit from your ability to make therapeutic connections toother people, conveying confidence, and thereby, making them feel morecomfortable.


Ruler of the 2nd isPeregrine

Financial stability will most likely comefrom combining income from a variety of sources, in a unique manner. Too muchreliance on conventional means will not produce the results you desire.


Ruler of the 2nd is in the12th House

...and Ruler of the 2nd isPeregrine

You may lose financially throughimprisonment, or through the devices of your secret enemies. Do not engage incommerce that involves large animals in any way. You may also lose throughtheft. (GC)


In-Sect Triplicity Ruler ofthe 2nd is in Rulership, Exaltation or Triplicity

...and In-Sect TriplicityRuler of the 2nd is not in Detriment or Fall

Your childhood is financially comfortable.(iE)


Participating TriplicityRuler of the 2nd is Peregrine

Your retirement years involve many ups anddowns, sometimes good, sometimes bad, but almost always unsettled. The way toget around this is to completely rethink how you should manage your retirementfinancially. The standard investment patterns won't work for you. (iE)


Affairs of the 3rdHouse: Short Trips, Spirituality, Information, Siblings, & Relatives


The condition of the 3rd House affectsseveral seemingly unrelated issues. How are siblings related to short trips,much less spirituality to either? Classical Astrology separates these mattersby using the three different triplicity rulers.


The 3rd House tells you about howimportant your siblings and relatives of your own generation are in your adultlife. A very strong ruler - whether through dignity or debility - will showthat they play an active part. Strong disability may indicate that either you cannotstand them, or that you end up bailing them out of trouble. A strong dignityshows that they may become important allies, helping you out and aiding you.


Short trips are greatly a matter ofpersonal definition, given our modern means of transportation. It used to bethat a short trip was inland, and probably less than a day's ride. Now it'smore nebulous, so let me suggest the following tip-offs that a trip is"short" instead of "long."


     It's thenext town or city: you could reach it by a car trip of 30 minutes or less.

     It's a citythat you used to live in. You know how to make your way around without havingto consult a map too often.

     It's a citythat you have visited before, probably enough times to develop preferences forrepeat visits to places like restaurants, stores, or entertainment venues.

     You havefriends living there, and have the option to stay with them, even if you optfor a hotel!

     If atourist encounters you on the street, you can most likely answer the questionsasked.



The spiritual dimension of the 3rd Houseis often underrated. However, this is a very old idea: the original Greek namesfor the 3rd and 9th Houses, the religious axis of the chart, were"goddess" and "god" respectively. So: what's the differencebetween "goddess" and "god," especially in a society whichis mainly not polytheistic? Two things. First, there are direct religiousmanifestations that are unequivocally feminine in nature. In Catholicism,visions of the Virgin Mary, or a focus on devotion to the image of Mary wouldbe such a case. Devotion associated with feminine types of monuments orlandscapes would also apply: places such as grottoes, or fountains, or evenfeminine place names would be another example. Also, in considering the statusof women in Greek culture at the time of the naming of these houses, it isclear that women (and by extension, goddesses) were the out-of-power party inreligious practice. Thus, 3rd House religion often encompasses heresies, orpractices that don't follow the societal norm of the Native's culturalenvironment.


Finally, we arrive at information, whatclassical astrologer William Lilly would have called "news," andagain, we have a technological gap to transcend. "News" is as old asthe hills, and in its simplest form, we might substitute the word"gossip." The condition of the 3rd House shows how well the grapevineworks for you: do you get accurate tidings, or a message hopelessly garbled? Inour information age, the seeming triviality of gossip begins to assume almostsinister proportions. Now, a clear channel means that you are successful atconveying your ideas, whether to your neighbor, or to that newsgroup you love.


How does this work? Suppose your 3rdHouse ruler is dignified, but square Saturn. This would suggest that you haveserious disagreements with siblings and relatives of your own generation. Youwould encounter logistical hassles when you travel, although you could stillgain a great deal through these trips. You have a strong spiritual interest, but it is probably not directed tothe religion in which you were raised. You have a strong skeptical streak thatmakes you immune to spiritual blackmail or scare tactics. You may do better asa critic or technical writer than as a creative writer.


If your 3rd House ruler is weak, thenthis says less about the nature of your relation to your siblings and closerelations than that they are simply not likely to be much of a factor in youradult life. You may find it difficult to write because you find it hard tostick to the topic at hand, and are disorganized. Your spiritual interests, ifyou bother at all, are not likely to be very time-consuming. You find it hardto plan the logistics of traveling.


Ruler of the 3rd House isThe Moon

The Moon is a rather severe filter forinformation: what you hear and understand, and hence, communicate to others, isvery dependent on what your mood is when you hear it. Your mood is a verysensitive indicator of your physical state, and the small daily fluctuationsthat we all experience can result in major changes in your ability to learn andunderstand. You especially need to be careful not to overeat or overdrink priorto times when you need your concentration at its best.


Ruler of the 3rd is Peregrine

Writing and communicating are skills thatyou develop through a series of varying steps: you tend to be self taught.Often you find it difficult to concentrate during primary education, becausethe system just doesn't seem to engage you. This had nothing to do withintelligence, but with the fact that you mind doesn't run in the same channelsas formal education.


Ruler of the 3rd is in the12th House

You and your kindred are perfect enemies,and may engage in plots against each other. You are in danger fromimprisonment, if not banishment or exile. (GC)


In-Sect Triplicity Ruler ofthe 3rd is in Rulership, Exaltation or Triplicity

...and In-Sect TriplicityRuler of the 3rd is not in Detriment or Fall

Any older sibling or cousins you may haveare friends and allies most of the time. (iE)


Participating TriplicityRuler of the 3rd is Peregrine

You never know where you stand with youryounger siblings or cousins, if you may have any, because they seem tovacillate from place to place, and time to time. For your relationship to work,you will probably have to build it from scratch, not following any expectationsthat others have about how you should relate. (iE)


Affairs of the 4thHouse: Parents, Property & Home Life


The 4th House has always been associatedwith your parents, although which parent has varied somewhat according todifferent astrologers. The specific meaning of the 4th House would be closer to"ancestors," because this is the house that ties you to the "vertical"dimension of your family: continuity over time. The word "paternity"is associated with this house: in a less sexist terminology, this is thenonmonetary inheritance you acquire through the legacy of your parents - themonetary component comes through the 8th House.


Modern Astrology often describes the 4thHouse as the "house of the home." This is true - in part. People witha large number of planets in the 4th House may find it difficult to workoutside the home - sometimes, they even find it difficult to go out for anyreason! The sign on the 4th House will tell you something about how you viewyour living environment.


But more importantly, the quality of the4th House tells you what kind of support you receive from your family. A planetruling the 4th House that is strong means you received considerable supportfrom your family, and that they will contribute to your success. A poorlyconfigured 4th House ruler means that you received little support from yourfamily, or that they were actually harmful to your development. A weak 4thHouse ruler means that your family doesn't really help you at all, regardlessof their intentions. In reality, they may even inadvertently manage to distractyou.


Ruler of the 4th is in the10th House

Your parents are well esteemed by eminentpersons, and you shall benefit from your profession, or by means ofnegotiation. You will be held in good repute by others. (GC)


...and Ruler of the 4th isin Detriment

...and Ruler of the 4th isCombust

However, whatever good you or your parentsachieve will be in danger of reversal. The escape clause is that achievementsendure that are based on your parents truly adopting a path of their own,rather than simply following in the tracks of others. Unique achievements maylast; conventional applications fail. (GC)


In-Sect Triplicity Ruler ofthe 4th is in Detriment or Fall

Your father is problematic as a figure inyour life, and often he is more a hindrance than a help. (iE)


Affairs of the 5thHouse: Children, Affairs, Speculation, Recreation & Fun


The affairs of the 5th House have notalways been valued - at least the more entertaining parts. Let's try toseparate the components.


First, the 5th House tells about how youenjoy yourself. This usually means sex and carousing. However, not everyoneenjoys these activities. There are other things that you may enjoy as well:art, or sports, your children, gambling, singing, or even praying.


Next, since sex is a matter for the 5thHouse, it is not surprising that the result of heterosexual intercourse, namelypregnancy, is also a 5th House matter, as is the ultimate result, children. Ifyour 5th House ruler is Saturn, or Saturn is in your 5th House, you are notlikely to have as many children as someone who has Venus ruling the houseinstead.


The planets associated with the 5th Houseand their condition will show you how you get along with any children you dohave. If your 5th House ruler is square Mars, it's a sure thing that you willargue with your children, and that they will rebel against you, often purelyfor the sake of doing it. The planets involved with the 5th House can also tellyou in a general way about the health and success of your children, althoughtheir own birth charts are preferred.


Speculation or gambling is also a 5thHouse matter. We should note that the more speculative financial instruments -certainly commodities and futures, and often stocks - are also included underthe theme gambling. If the ruler of your 5th House is dignified, you may dowell in these areas. If it is Saturn, you are generally reluctant to gamble atanything, especially without a system.


The Part of Fortune is inthe 5th House

You and your children will enjoy thefruits of prosperity. (GF)


Ruler of the 5th House isMercury

It's not exactly that you are a naturalgossip, but talking and speaking are one of the highest forms of entertainmentin your book.  An amusing tale orjoke, a bon mot, you would have fit right in to the salon society of Paris inthe early 20th Century.


Ruler of the 5th is in the10th House

Any children that you have will get aheadby impressing eminent persons, who will help them along. Some of this is likelyto rub off on you. (GC)


In-Sect Triplicity Ruler ofthe 5th is in Rulership, Exaltation or Triplicity

...and In-Sect TriplicityRuler of the 5th is not in Detriment or Fall

Your children are a great delight to you,if you have any. (iE)


Out-of-Sect Triplicity Rulerof the 5th is Peregrine

Pleasure from any particular source issomething that comes and goes. What you enjoy today, you may not enjoytomorrow. Probably your pleasures work best when you always ask the question:do I enjoy this, or am I doing it because everybody else seems to have fun atthis? Your answer may surprise you, and lead to you finding much more joy inlife. (iE)


Affairs of the 6thHouse: Illness, Danger & the Work Environment


Combining the work environment withillness points out a fundamental truth: many illnesses are related to stress,and our work situations are prime candidates for stress creation.


If your 6th House ruler is square oropposite Mars, then you are accident prone. If your 6th House ruler is squareor opposite Saturn, then you are subject to annoying, chronic conditions. Thesame is possible for planets in the 6th House that are in hard aspect to Marsor Saturn.


If your 6th House ruler is strong and freefrom afflictions, you may expect to enjoy good health, and you have the abilityto throw off most diseases you do encounter. However, if your 6th House ruleris weak, then you will find it hard to throw off illnesses.


In addition to showing your own workconditions, the 6th House also shows how you deal with persons who used to becalled servants, but what we might now call day-laborers or employees. If youhave employees, this is clear. But many of us who never think of ourselves ashaving employees nonetheless encounter this through nonskilled household labor:whether in the form of cleaning people, general purpose repair people (aprofessional repair person, such as a plumber, would be 7th House), orconstruction workers. Anyone who works primarily outside on the lawn or gardenwould be shown through the ruler of the 4th House.


If your 6th House ruler is strong and freefrom afflictions, then you have generally good relations with employees andlaborers, and benefit from their work. However, if your 6th House ruler isweak, then you encounter problems: sloppy work, dishonesty, or the like.


Ruler of the 6th is in the10th House

You work so hard at your profession thatyou can make yourself sick. (GC)


...and Ruler of the 6th isCombust

You worry so much about the opinions ofothers and about the quality of your work that you can cause yourself greatdisturbance in body and mind, which, in turn, can have a catastrophic effect onyour career. (GC)


Ruler of the 6th House isVenus

You are subject to the following generalhealth issues: suffocation, sudden and brief illnesses, dislocation, venerealdisease, menstrual or uterine problems.


...and Venus is in Capricorn

In addition, you are specifically subjectto the following health issues: gout in the knees or thighs, or simply pain orswelling there.


In-Sect Triplicity Ruler ofthe 6th is Saturn

You will have more problems because oflingering or chronic illnesses than because of accidents and theircomplications. (iE)


Affairs of the 7thHouse: Intimate Partners, Business Partners, Open Enemies & Clients


This house was traditionally designated"marriage," but societal attitudes toward cohabitation following sexhave changed! First of all, for large stretches of time in European history,the lower classes cohabited when they felt like it, without the benefit ofChurch or civil rites to sanctify the union. The elaborate rituals of marriagewere reserved for the upper classes. However, those astrologers who catered tothe upper classes have proved more successful; thus, our references and ourlore on marriage and cohabitation follow the upper class ideal, which hassimply been appropriated by the lower classes once overall living standardsimproved.


However, marriage in the upper class modewas arranged, had nothing to do with love, and everything to do with propertyand heirs. A proper delineation of the 7th House thus began with the questionof whether the Native would marry. This consideration had nothing to do withsuch questions as: how relationship-oriented is the Native, but whether theNative had or could accumulate sufficient wealth to make marriage a reasonableresult, or enterprise.


When the historical association betweenmarriage and business is understood, the attribution of marriage and (business)partnership to the same house becomes obvious - they are simply two variationsof the same thing. However, even so, it was understood that love was possiblebetween partners - it just wasn't necessary.


A loving relationship is shown by a trineor sextile between the rulers of the 1st and 7th Houses, or planets therein.


One more thought. It is still quiteobvious to think in terms of relationships being primarily 5th or 7th House innature. For example, a relationship which is heavily sexual, with no merging offinances and without living together is unequivocally 5th, while a relationshipwith cohabitation and a greater or lesser degree of financial mingling is 7thin nature. It has become the custom of our society since the Sixties thatrelationships begin in the 5th, and then move to the 7th if the parties arewilling.


If we consider the astrological ramificationsof this 5th to 7th transition, we also come up against our relatively highdivorce rates: for this scenario to work, you have to have an easy relationshipbetween 5th and 7th Houses! This could be expressed as:


     ruler ofthe 5th in the 7th, or ruler of the 7th in the 5th,

     aharmonious aspect between planets in or ruling the two houses, or

     mutualreception between planets in or ruling the two houses.



Without a link between these two houses,the transition becomes problematic at best, and with stress between the twohouses, such as produced by the rulers in square, the transition may bepainful. Thus, it is possible to determine whether you work better in a 7thHouse versus a 5th House mode, by considering the relative strength and ease ofthese two houses, and then whether you can follow the 5th to 7th scenario. Ifyou cannot do the transition, but your 7th House still has promise, then thesolution may be to be totally unconventional and not begin the relationship inthe 5th!


The North Node is in the 7thHouse

You have very few enemies, and you receivemuch good from your partner, who is rich, honest, prudent, and excellentmanner. (GF)


Ruler of the 7th House isJupiter

Your preferred type for long-termrelationships is meek, chaste, modest, discreet, just and faithful, prudent.But if unfortunate, then s/he is indifferent to all these virtues; but not badenough to be vicious. (P)


Ruler of the 7th is in the12th House

There is no end to the troubles yourenemies, both open and secret, are willing to put you through.  (GC)


...and Ruler of the 7th isDignified and not Combust

Your partner will not be ideal for you,but it is possible to get beyond this. It will take time and work. You may notthink it is worth the effort. (GC)


In-Sect Triplicity Ruler ofthe 7th is in Detriment or Fall

You find it difficult to find a partnerwho really suits you. (iE)


Affairs of the 8thHouse: Death, Taxes, Inheritance & Other People's Money


The 8th House traditionally had twodimensions: the very personal one of death, and the transpersonal one of otherpeople's money. The specific issue of other people's money came about becausethis is the house of your partner's money, whether your partner in business, oryour marriage partner.


The monetary aspect of this house wastreated in the same fashion as the 2nd House, with the addition of the ideathat one specific money angle is monetary inheritances from dead persons - landand other real estate inheritance is covered by the 4th House.


As for death, astrology has longrecognized that you can be plagued by many illnesses, but not die from them,instead dying by some completely different means. This idea used to fall underthe rubric of "morbidity" versus "mortality." One furtherpoint on mortality: one method of delineating the nature of death is by usingthe planet ruling the 8th House, sometimes called Anareta. Some sources gaveother options for a different planet to be Anareta. There is even a Part ofAnareta. Whichever definition is preferred, the extent of dignity of theAnareta is important. A poorly dignified Anareta results in a sudden death. Theidea was clearly that to die "well" meant to have the time to acceptthe process, make your peace with God and your fellows, and then to die in witnessed,genteel conditions, fully shriven or forgiven. A sudden death did not allow forabsolution or preparation, and was thus less ideal. However, these days, withhosts of lingering illnesses possible, many of us prefer the concept of"sudden!"


Ruler of the 8th is in the12th House

You are in danger of death throughimprisonment or any incarceration (this includes hospitals), through privateenemies, or because of large animals. Secret enemies can also make you quitemiserable without shortening your life. (GC)


In-Sect Triplicity Ruler ofthe 8th is in Rulership, Exaltation or Triplicity

...and In-Sect TriplicityRuler of the 8th is not in Detriment or Fall

Death is no more traumatic than necessary.(iE)


Out-of-Sect Triplicity Rulerof the 8th is Peregrine

Hence, you probably should not getinvolved in antiques or collectibles, unless you can find an interesting"angle" or slant which is somewhat contrarian in nature. (iE)


Affairs of the 9thHouse: Long Trips, Law, Education & Spiritual/Philosophical Matters


We have already touched on the differencebetween long and short journeys in the section on the 3rd House, as well as thedifference between societally condoned, versus out-of-favor religions. It is worthmentioning that the concept of "atheist" as we know it - namely,someone who does not believe in any higher power - could not even be conceiveduntil the 17th Century! Earlier, when the word "atheist" was applied(always as an insult), it meant something closer to "heretic" or"schismatic."


The importance of the 9th House from areligious dimension was twofold. First, it could tell whether you were likelyto have a career in religion - or law. Once upon a time, the two fields werelinked since Justice was thought to be divine. Secondly, it told the state ofyour ethical abilities.


A genius at ethics, so to speak, issomeone who realizes that all actions occur within a matrix that not onlyaffects others, but extends to the divine as well. Thus, an action cannot beonly for one's own benefit, because this action in turn impacts others. Astrong 9th House, either by planetary placement or rulership, brings you intoalignment with these dimensions, and promotes a curiosity and drive tounderstand how this works. That drive, in turn, can fuel all educationalendeavors.


The 9th House is linked to educationbecause the 9th House was viewed as the training ground for the honors andpreferments offered through the 10th House. Thus, it would be correct to assigneither higher education or vocational education to this house.


Ruler of the 9th House isSaturn

The reasons you may travel are because of:farming, fruits of the earth, mines, metals, treasures, buildings, misers,inheritances of the dead, prisons, debt, and all unclean labor. The people youwill most likely meet on your travels are: senior citizens, farmers, miners,masons, leather workers; or careless, envious, solitary, or deceitful persons.(P)


However, we have seen that the 9th Houserules more than traveling. With Saturn ruling your 9th House, you may find thatyou train for work in a field that is changing enough that you will always haveto work to keep up. Education cannot become a onetime process that ends with adiploma. You will spend your life learning more and more, and hopefully,perfecting your knowledge and skills.


As a student, you do better at assignmentswhere you can prepare at your leisure than at pop quizzes. It's not necessarilythat you find it hard to think on your feet. It may simply be that your initialresponse can be too harsh or didactic. Take home exams and open book exams aredefinitely preferred.


Ruler of the 9th is in the12th House

You may have to travel to clean up yourenemies' messes. You are not very religious, and your ethics may leavesomething to be desired. You may not get along with your relatives because of asense of betrayal. (GC)


Diurnal Triplicity Ruler ofthe 9th is in Rulership, Exaltation or Triplicity

...and Diurnal TriplicityRuler of the 9th is not in Detriment or Fall

You will enjoy and benefit from travel.(iE)


Nocturnal Triplicity Rulerof the 9th is Peregrine

In your quest for a better spiritual orethical system, you may wander from religion to religion, often acquiringdifferent pieces along the way. Alternately, you can stay in your owntradition, but approach it through a nonstandard pathway. This probably meansthat the exoteric trappings of your religious background will simply not workfor you. You'll have to work harder to find meaning and value. (iE)


Affairs of the 10thHouse: Career, Business, Honor, Status, Promotion & Your Mother


There are actually a number of ways oflooking at your career patterns: the 10th House is simply the house mostclosely associated with this concept. It is at this point that we come upagainst the real variations in what constitutes "success" in theworld, because Astrology can be fairly literal in defining it according to thesocial strictures of society.


"Rich" in an astrologicaldefinition is way beyond a Middle Class income. For one thing, it has becomecommon in the 20th Century to apply the term "Middle Class" to what,in the 19th Century, would have been called "Tradesmen" (sic). Do youhave the second home in the country, at least three full-time servants, and theability to travel (First Class at full fare) anytime you want to? Do you paycash for your Mercedes sports car or custom limo? If not, you're not even MiddleClass by the 19th Century standard! So what we really have here is a scalewhich runs from destitute to filthy rich, with the understanding that the vastmajority of people will fall in the middle.


Most of us will end up with one or twoindicators of wealth, and a couple of items that promote poverty. If there is amajority of wealth indicators, then you are likely to be comfortable; if thereis a majority of poverty indicators, you are likely to spend your life worryingabout money, because there never seems to be enough. It is only when theindicators are overwhelming one way or the other that one of the extremes islikely.


And so it is with career. The first thingthat we observe is that the 10th House is actually the house of honor andpreferment. Remember, this is based on a societal structure in which serviceresulted in title grants or land grants, and land in turn generated income andwealth. Thus, the primary interpretation of the 10th House was twofold:


     Todetermine whether you have a kingly geniture. If so, it speaks highly for yourability to radically climb the social ladder. Of course, born to a royalfamily, this is an argument that you would reach the throne.

     Whether youwill be liked, admired, praised and honored by those higher in the social orderthan you are. This works from the adage "It's not what you know, but whoyou know," and the bottom line is, you will get ahead if your socialbetters like or respect you enough to push your career.



The Sun is in the 10th House

You have the possibility of great glory,authority, and dignity, accorded by diverse eminent persons. You are likely toequal or rise above the social status of your parents. You can also profitgreatly from inventions and creative applications, that catch the eye ofsomeone higher up, who shall befriend you, regardless of your background. (GF)


...and The Sun is inDetriment

The biggest danger you have is yourself,because it is all too easy for you to pass away these advantages andopportunities. (GF)


...and The Sun is ConjunctVenus

Your parents are honorable, and of highrank. (GF)


Venus is in the 10th House

You have the possibility of great glory,authority, and dignity, accorded by women. Your are clever, inventive, and goodat obtaining your wishes easily. You may choose to make your living throughwomen's concerns or special interests. You may benefit from legacies from yourmother or her relatives. You will tend to be more successful in the second partof your life than in the first. (GF)


...and Saturn is SquareVenus

Unfortunately, you also find it easy toacquire a bad reputation, which means that you may not be able to achievebetter than second ranking at anything: and not because you lack skills orability. (GF)


Mercury is in the 10th House

You are proficient in matters relating tonumbers. You receive rave reviews for your inventions or applications. You showrare skill, and these skills can land you a position as secretary or counselorto some higher up. (GF)


...and Mercury Rises AfterThe Sun

You are admirable, and you can be famousthrough any of your activities. (GF)


Ruler of the 10th House isSaturn

You receive honor by inheritances,possessions, or by means of senior citizens, ancient families, farmers, shepherds,miners, potters, day laborers or odd jobbers, plumbers, bricklayers,brickmakers, stonecutters, shopkeepers, Jesuits, monks, undertakers,scavengers, bartenders, brewers, ships' carpenters, janitors, etc.  (P)


Ruler of the 10th is in the12th House

You will suffer deceit, treachery, andopposition from secret enemies. You may be in danger of imprisonment from theirmachinations. But in the end, your honor will triumph, and you will berespected even by your enemies. (GC)


Affairs of the 11th House:Friends, Hopes & Wishes


One of the truly unfortunate aspects ofmodern life is that we often cheapen the value of friendship. Granted, ourgreater mobility and fast paced society often makes it hard to maintainrelationships that prosper with regular, unhurried concourse. Anyone that wehave met half a dozen times becomes a friend by modern definition, and thisdevaluation is all the more obvious through the expedient that we used to tellfriends apart from acquaintances by whether we used first names: now we usefirst names for everyone!


The 11th House shows the quality offriends. The nature of the ruler and planets in the 11th House will describethe type of friends that you have.


     Saturngives older people, metalworkers, farmers, miners, those who deal in unpopularmatters, real estate, antiques, or repairing items.

     Jupitergives religious professions, lawyers, rich people, magistrates, judges, andhonest people.

     Mars givessoldiers, athletes, surgeons, doctors, tradespeople, police, rash, violent,ardent, proud, bold, or brash people.

     Sun givesheads of government or corporations, people in authority, eminent people, orofficers.

     Venus givesartists, musicians, druggists, gamesters, people of the fashion industry,painters, keepers of bars or restaurants, or those enjoying carousing, gaming,and other pleasures.

     Mercurygives people with curiosity, craftspeople, learned types, students, clerks,secretaries, merchants, wordsmiths, or other people who live by their wits.

     Moon giveswidows, women of high social status, ambassadors, messengers, sailors, thosewho live by fishing or the Sea, or people who are inconstant or wavering.



The condition of the ruler of the 11thshows the quality of these friends. If your 11th House ruler is dignified, thenyour friends will be of great help to you. If your 11th House ruler isdebilitated, then you may need to help your friends more than they can helpyou. If your 11th House ruler is peregrine, then your friends may wanderthrough life without a clear path - which is not to say they are unfaithful toyou, but they may often be distracted.


A fixed sign on the 11th House bodes forlonger lasting friendships - it's almost as if you couldn't get rid of them ifyou tried! The other signs produce less stability, but this may be frommobility as much as anything else.


Hard aspects to malefics, or adebilitated ruler of the 11th House in the 12th House brings up the possibledanger that your friends become your enemies.


There are also certain planetary pairsthat are easier. Consider the planets ruling 1st House and the 11th House. Theintrinsic nature of this pair determines how easily you and your friends agree,or have amicable relations.


     Saturn isfriendly with Jupiter, Sun and Moon; but enemies with Venus and Mars.

     Jupiter isfriendly with ever other planet but Mars.

     Mars isfriendly only with Venus.

     Sun hasonly Jupiter and Venus as friends.

     Venus isonly enemies with Saturn, but friendly with all others.

     Mercury isfriendly with Saturn, Jupiter and Venus, and enemies with all others.

     The Moon isfriendly with Saturn, Jupiter and Venus, and enemies with all others.



Ruler of the 11th is in the12th House

You will have some enemies, but not many.Few of your hopes will be attained. You are likely to have more than your fairshare of error and vanities, evils and wants. You could end up in prison as aresult. (GC)


...and Ruler of the 11th isDignified and not Combust

If so, it will be briefly. You can learnfrom your mistakes. (GC)


In-Sect Triplicity Ruler ofthe 11th is in Rulership, Exaltation or Triplicity

...and In-Sect TriplicityRuler of the 11th is not in Detriment or Fall

Your hopes and dreams stand a chance offulfillment. Better keep developing new ones! (iE)


Participating TriplicityRuler of the 11th is Peregrine

Sometimes, you friends are around to helpyou, sometimes not. (iE)


Affairs of the 12thHouse: Secret Enemies, Confinement & Sorrow


If we begin in the 1st House withhappiness, we end in the 12th House with sorrow. Of the various types, thereare two types which tend to be most dominant: enemies and confinement.


We experience two types of enemies: openand secret. Open enemies are shown by the 7th House, or by planets opposite theSun and the Moon. Open enemies can be understood as somewhat more likeadversaries in a sporting events: you are both trying to win, but there arerules. You may try to stretch them, but the competition is generally honorable.With 12th House enemies, there is no honor. Thus, secret enemies are usuallymuch more devastating to your esteem, not to mention your reputation andestate, since you often never see them until it's too late.


The difference can be seen especially bycomparing the difference between the ruler of the 11th House in the 7th versusin the 12th. The ruler of the 11th in the 7th means that your friends willalternate between being friendly and being competitive; but the ruler of the11th in the 12th is the friend who smiles to your face while plotting behindyour back.


So we all have enemies. The question is:how bad?


     Beneficplanets ruling the 12th denote enemies of higher social standing than malefics.

     If theruler of the 12th is in an angular house, then that party is in a powerfulposition.

     If theruler of the 12th is dignified, then your enemies are powerful.

     If theruler of the 12th is peregrine, then your enemies are distracted; toodisorganized to provide much effective hindrance.

     If theruler of the 12th is retrograde or debilitated, your enemies will not besuccessful.



The rules for imprisonment, confinementor captivity are rather complex. They basically point toward malefics strong inthe 12th, in hard aspect to the Luminaries.


Saturn is in the 12th House

You are subject to fear, sorrow, trouble,captivity, and exile. You also should not spend your time around large animals,because they are out to get you. Secret enemies can be a real problem, as canemployees. You may have a problem with serious illnesses.  (GF)


Jupiter is in the 12th House

You make enemies, who frequently exercisetheir powers to hinder your activities. (GF)


...and Jupiter is ConjunctJupiter

You will be victorious over your enemies,possibly without even knowing it. Those who malign you falsely shall experiencethe boomerang effect. You will be sought out and praised for your skill. (GF)


The Moon is in the 12thHouse

You have many enemies, and danger ofconfinement, imprisonment, captivity, or impediment from them. 


Ruler of the 12th is in the2nd House

Your enemies will attack your financialworth, and likely succeed. (GC)


...and Ruler of the 12th isDignified and not Combust

Fortunately, they are not likely to bepermanently successful, but nonetheless you will be vexed by the afflictionsthat they heap upon you. (GC)


In-Sect Triplicity Ruler ofthe 12th is in Detriment or Fall

You are quite capable of the dark night ofthe soul. Once depressed, you find it hard to bounce back. (iE)

Signs Placements


The modern tendency in describing theplanets is to attribute qualities or tendencies to it. The ancient approach wasa little different. The planets were generally described by describing personsruled by the body. In other words, the emphasis was less on the planets ascomponents of everybody's existence, than on classifying people as being of thenature of the planets.


This is a difference worth contemplating.It would be perhaps simplistic to note that we live in a more open society, onein which we have a greater range of opportunities. If you were born the son ofa fisherman, you became a fisherman. As such, your profession was ruled by theMoon. But could you be something other than a lunar type?


Rather than attempt to judge thisdifference, let's consider the advantage of this approach. If we can paintpictures of a typical solar type, or martial type, what we have accomplished isthe beginning of a story about these planets. If we can see them operating asseparate creatures, or sub-personalities, we can begin to picture when they areoperating, and what they want.


Thus, the object in understanding thesedescriptions is to allow us to recognize the symptoms that here is the Sunoperating, or Venus, or Mars. And through understanding which body is operatingin a particular moment, we then begin to understand what it needs in thesituation at hand.


The Sun


We understand that the importance of theSun and the Moon in Astrology stems from the Ancient's understanding of theimportance of the Lights. They represented the major chronocrators, or timemarkers: the Sun (delineates or defines the Year) and the Moon (delineates theMonth).


Gadbury says: "The Sun represents aperson of a large corporature, full fleshy Body, large Face, and a broad highForehead, a Complexion almost of a Saffron or Honey-Color, great goggle Eyes,and a sharp piercing sight; the Hair yellow or bright Flaxen, much Beard: he isone of a great Spirit, is honest, sincere, humane and courteous, of a healthfulConstitution, bountiful and well minded.


"When the Sun is well dignified, theNative is then desirous of Rule, and Sovereignty; yet he is prudent, and of noincompatible Judgement, one that keeps his promises seriously: he is lofty andhigh, and will be mighty Industrious to acquire Honor and Repute: he will shewhimself courageous and affable to every one: he will be grave, trusty, andsecret, and a perfect Hater of sordid men or things.


"But if he be ill dignified, theNative will be proud, domineering, restless and troublesome, neither havinggravity in his words, or sobriety in his actions, a mere vapor, cracking of hisPedigree, a spendthrift, or hanger on other men's charities."


So let's translate these ideas into modernparlance. The Sun is the planet called up when you are called upon to lead. Aswe will see, there is a significant overlap with the planet Mars, because bothinvolve courage and action; but by nature, both are Hot and Dry, qualities wewill consider presently.


So: how do we view the Sun in itsleadership capacity? The specific quality of the Sun's leadership is given inthe signs below. But we can glean certain general ideas. However, we can saycertain general things about the Sun in this capacity.


If you are comfortable in your leadershipabilities, then your style is relaxed: you are friendly and polite to thoselower in the hierarchy than you are. The person who is nasty to inferiors ismarked as a person not merely of poor leadership quality, but as someone who isnot fully capable to leadership. In other words, this nasty quality is asymptom of a nonfunctional, or poorly functioning, Sun.


Similarly, excess ego or boasting isunderstood as a measure of poor self esteem: again, a Sun that is notfunctioning properly.


The Sun is in Aquarius

You are affable, courteous, unenvious,stubborn, merry and jocund, not given to quarrel, or a religious or spiritualnature, sober of speech, and strong. You can be ostentatious, but are free frommaliciousness.


You are an Air Sign, which means that youare "hot" and "wet." The "wet" component means,among other things, that you blur distinctions, and that you are more swayed bypassion than by intellectual argument. At your worst, you see too manyconnections, becoming lost in conspiracies. At your best, you spot theconnection that everyone else missed. Being "hot", you react tothings quickly: by expressing your anger strongly and immediately, you don'ttend to harbor a grudge. This is the temperament type that is considered themost ideal, because you are the most comfortable within a social situation. Youappear warm and friendly to others, and don't seem to eager to hold them to animpossible standard.


You are fixed, which means you arestrong-willed and stubborn. You will want to hang onto people and things longafter they have ceased to be useful to you.


...and The chart is Diurnal

You are of good quality, benevolent,cheerful, and a good conversationalist; good at manual dexterity, if you chooseto use it.


...and The chart is locatedin the Northern Hemisphere

Aquarius being a sign of Winter, which is"cold" and "wet," the predominant influence, in combinationwith the Air Element, is "wet."


The Moon


Of the Moon, Gadbury says: "The Moonendues the Native with a Stature somewhat above the middle size, a round Face,whitely colored or pale, gray Eyes, and one a little bigger than the other.Much Hair both on the Head and Beard, color of a brightish brown. The wholebody is plump, corpulent and phlegmatic, the hands short and fleshy.


"When the Moon is well dignified, theNative is witty and ingenious, and propense to many necessary and delightfulStudies: he takes pleasure in Novelties: he is somewhat unsteadfast, andoftentimes flits and shifts his Habitations: he is timorous and easilyfrighted. A Lover and Desirer of Peace. A soft, tender and well-disposedCreature.


"But when the Moon is ill dignified,the Native proves a Vagabond, or mere Idle, lazy Companion, a drunken sottishFellow, delighting to live carelessly and beggarly. One of no Spirit. A Haterof Labor, a mutable, unsettled, inconstant Person."


Here we see the Moon as the artistictemperament. The Moon gives creativity; but creativity thwarted results inlaziness or idleness. Here we do not see the courage of the Sun or Mars, but atimid person, the kind who doesn't want to hurt a fly. The lunar type prizesNovelty for Novelty's sake. But again, an excess of this spirit, or a difficultcourse results in wavering, and wandering.


Notice that the sign of the Moon was notconsidered as important as Modern Astrology often makes it appear. The Moon,along with Mercury, was used to characterize the quality of mind.


Mercury is more dignifedthan The Moon

You operate more from reason than fromemotions and desires.


The Moon is in Aries

You are mutable, rash, passionate andambitious of honor. You have an aspiring imagination, but are rarely fortunate for extended periods oftime. Don't worry, your fortunes have a tendency to be always changing!


The Moon is Peregrine

Remember the theory of quantum physicscalled Heisenburg's Uncertainly Principle? The one that says: you can neverknow both the position and the speed of a particle at the same time? Well, thisis like your emotions! You can never quite capture how you're feeling as wellas where this fits into the greater scheme of things because your emotionsshift so easily. If fact, you may find that your feelings at any one moment arenext to useless as a guide to behavior, because they will be so different inthe next moment. The only question is the extent that you even pay attention toyour emotions!




Mercury and the Moon were believed to bethe planets which most clearly delineated the "wit of the Native."Thus, Gadbury could say:


"When Mercury is well dignified, theNative is of a sharp and subtle Fancy, and hath a penetrating Brain, curious inthe search of occult Knowledge, an admirable Logician and Disputant, veryeloquent, apprehensive and witty in any thing, learning (almost) every thingwithout a Teacher: he is naturally desirous of Travelings, and willing to seestrange Countries: he is of an unwearied and strong Imagination, and of manywitty Inventions.


"But when ill dignified, the Nativethen usually proves a Liar, a prattling Fellow, a Boaster, a Busie-body, anAuthor of many strifes and contentions, a Pretender to all manner of Knowledge,but guilty of no solid Learning."


And he goes on! So: if your Mercury isn'twell dignified, are you an idiot? Not exactly! Here we first see a clear casethat any planet ill dignified has tendencies that are generally not encouragedby one's culture. For example, since Greek times at least, the West hasfostered an attitude that Rationalism is the Right Way: Reason above all. Notonly is a particular type of thinking encouraged, but particular ways oflearning as well. If you don't find these methods to work, tough!


Mercury is in Aquarius

You are an ingenious obliging person,inclined to study arts and sciences, witty, and apt to finding the workings ofmany curious inventions.




Venus was called the Lesser Benefic,because overall, she was considered an asset. However, more than any otherplanet, the difference between Venus Hesperis, the Evening Star, and VenusLucifer, the Morning Star, was obvious. Venus rules pleasure. However, as weknow, Society is often nervous about its members experiencing too muchpleasure! Gadbury said:


"When Venus is well dignified, theNative is of a merry and cheerful Disposition, loving and delighting inpleasures, cleanly and neat in his Apparel, always going neat and spruce, oftenentangles in Love-matters, zealous in affections, nothing mistrustful, orsuspicious, a right virtuous person, either man or woman.


"But if Venus shall be ill dignified,the person or Native she signifies, is given to incestuous courses, to riotingand lewdness, not regarding his Faith, Credit, or Reputation, a merespendthrift, a haunter of Taverns, Alehouses, and the company of lewd people, alazy prattling, busie-body, atheistical, immodest Creature."


Clearly, we see that the balance herebetween good and bad is pleasure versus excess. It might be better to say thatan ill dignified Venus results in the Native finding it difficult to draw theline: a person who just cannot say No.


Venus is in Capricorn

You are libidinous, loving your belly aswell as your privy parts. You are not fortunate, but, because of your variousschemes, you often suffer catastrophes in your affairs.




Mars was called the Lesser Malefic, asVenus was called the Lesser Benefic. This meant that Mars was seen asmarginally less obnoxious than Saturn. Gadbury listed its properties as being"the Author of Strife, Quarrels, Controversies and Contentions." The illsof the world were generally attributed to the malefics, although other planetsin poor condition could produce evil. However, the generally agreed uponmischief-making capabilities of the two malefics was so strong that in mundanework, the conjunctions of Mars and Saturn every three years or so wereinterpreted to see which of the two was more likely to cause harm over theperiod of that conjunction. If Mars was stronger, droughts, war, contentions,fevers, and fires would predominate. If Saturn were the stronger, then famine,plague, starvation, and poverty would be more likely. What a choice!


But not everything about Mars is bad. AsGadbury continued, "When Mars is well dignified, then is the Native of aprudent Behavior in every thing. In War, none excels him: he is confident,bold, and unmovable, challenges all honor to himself, he will obey no-bodywillingly, a large Reporter of his own acts - slights, derides and condemns allthings in comparison of Victory. Yet is he one that is of a prudent andexcellent Behavior in his own Affairs.


"But when Mars is ill dignified, thenis the Native a Prattler, without modesty or honesty, a Broacher of Quarrels, aThief, a perjured or turbulent Fellow, a Promoter of mischiefs, a rash,inhumane, treacherous Fellow - a mere Incendiary, one that neither fears God,nor cares for honoring or reverencing Man."


We see that Mars is great to have on yourside during a war, but not the best companion in peaceful times. There iscourage, but cruelty - and the inability to "turn if off" once theneed  for the fight-or-flightapproach has passed.


Mars is in Gemini

You are unsettled in most of your actions,yet ingenious in many things, although unfortunate in most, shifting here andthere, making your livelihood by your wits. 




Jupiter is the Greater Benefic, the planetpotentially capable of providing the greatest good. In Gadbury's words, Jupiteris "the Author of Moderation, Justice, Temperance and Sobriety."Justice is a very good thing. The watchword for Mars is vengeance, rather theeye-for-an-eye mentality. Jupiter lacks these bloodthirsty traits. Jupiterknows that Divine Justice, the only really important kind, does not requiremuch in the way of human intervention. Thus, Jupiter is not quick to condemn, whereMars would have already executed!


Gadbury says: "When Jupiter is welldisposed, the Native is magnanimous, generous and faithful, aiming at honorableand lofty matters: he is wonderful fair in his delaying, and desirous toadvantage and benefit others: he is of an excellent Conversation, doing manyacts of charity - a very faithful, serious, constant and untainted Friend. Heis just, nobel and prudent, and a perfect Hater of all unworthy and sordidpersons and actions.


"But when Jupiter is ill disposed,then is the Native a mere prodigal or spendthrift: he wastes and consumes hisPatrimony. A Hypocrite in matters of Faith and Religion, an ignorant, carelessFellow, and a gross, dull Capacity - a cringing, dissembling Companion, askeptic or Atheist."


Observe the difference between dignifiedor debilitated. It's not that Jupiter dignified is "good" and Jupiterdebilitated is "bad," but Jupiter dignified is generous, whileJupiter debilitated is wasteful.


Now about the teeth. For some reason, thesign of Jupiter was associated with the condition of the teeth. Why? Teeth arenormally assigned to Saturn, occasionally to Aries, since Aries rules the head.However, Coley notes, "Jupiter, usually signifies good Teeth, (as Saturndoth the contrary,) and sometimes produces some notable and apparent mark inthe fore-Teeth." By fore-teeth, we would specify incisors or canines.


Jupiter is in Taurus

Your disposition is good, and yourjudgment sound. You deport yourself well. You are a lover of women, andgenerally good-natured, and free with those matters which deserve compassion.You have foul teeth. (C)




Saturn is the Greater Malefic. Saturnrepresents Father Time, a concept that most of us do not enjoy. Saturngenerically rules aging and older people. What Jupiter gives, Saturn takesaway.


Gadbury says: "If Saturn be welldignified, the Person or Native represented by him, is grave and sober: heperforms all his Actions with Judgement and Discretion: he hath a sharp Fancy,and strong Imagination, and is very studious.


"If Saturn be ill dignified, then theNative is malicious, envious, covetous, jealous, timorous, a meet lying,repining, and dissembling Fellow, and of a mistrustful, sordid, sluggish andsuspicious disposition."


Notice that the difference in thedescription of Saturn dignified or not is the most extreme of all the planets.It was generally credited by Medieval times that a malefic dignified is lessmalefic, while a malefic debilitated is more so. Saturn dignified is merelyserious and discrete; Saturn debilitated is sordid and envious.


Saturn is in Taurus

You are rugged and unkempt in yourdisposition, inclinable to vicious and sordid actions, unless the fortunes bytheir propitious friendly rays interpose. (C)

The Alcocoden


The Alcocoden, in addition to havingvarious spellings, is a calculated planet related to the Hyleg, or Giver ofLife. Called the Giver of Years, the Alcocoden is usually the Almuten of theHyleg. The difficulty is that the Ancients had multiple methods of computing theHyleg. The method we use here is that of Henry Coley. Traditionally, theAlcocoden was used as the basis for the calculation of the length of life.However, it appears that the Alcocoden may also indicate certain diseaseproclivities.


The Alcocoden is Saturn

You are subject to the following generalhealth issues: rheumatism, leprosy, obstructions, trembling, palsies,toothache, deafness, vain fears, gout, rashes with itching, knee problems,hemorrhoids, fractures, dislocations, ruptures, sciatica, bladder infections,madness, chronic disease, or forgetfulness.


...and Saturn is in Taurus

In addition, you are specifically subjectto the following health issues: neck swellings such as goiter, scrofula(associated with moral corruption), scurvy, hoarseness, general dullness,indisposition, sore throats, strep throats, difficulty speaking, ortonsillitis.



An aspect is an angular relationship between twobodies that has an interpretation based on the bodies involved, and the natureof the angular relationship.


There are several major philosophicaldifferences in the approach to aspects between Classical Astrology and Modern.


The first concerns how to define the orb, or allowable angular separation betweentwo bodies that can still be considered an aspect. Modern Astrology has a wholeseries of possible definitions:


     All planetscan have the same orb, with the size of the orb basically being determined bythe "School" of Astrology represented. For example, Cosmobiology andUranian have tended to use small orbs or less than two degrees.

     The Lights(the Sun and Moon) are assigned a larger orb, and the rest of the planets areassigned a smaller orb.

     The orbsize is determined by the harmonic of the aspect. Conjunctions get the largestsize, then oppositions, trines, squares, sextiles, etc.



In contrast, there are only two ancientorb systems:


     The"orb" is synonymous with the size of the sign. This is called"whole sign." This is the style used in such Greek sources asPtolemy, where a planet at anydegree of Leo is sextile another planet in any degree of Gemini.

     When orbsof less than a sign were used, it was based on the concept of moiety, or half-orb. Each planet is assigned amoiety. Then the moieties for the two planets are summed, giving the moiety forthat combination of planets. The Lights were given a larger moiety, so we seethe probable origin of the modern concept of giving a larger orb to the Lights.



The next difference between Classical andModern technique concerns the general theory of interpretation. ModernAstrology has two major schools, apart from the schools that utilize midpointsas an aspecting system. The first differentiates aspects between"easy" and "hard," a classification inherited fromClassical Astrology. The trine and the sextile are classified as easy, whilethe square and the opposition are considered hard. The conjunction is nottechnically defined as an aspect, although it is always discussed with the trueaspects, and it is generally considered mixed, depending on the planetsinvolved.


However, increasingly, many ModernAstrologers are taking the position that any aspect is pretty much the same, and thatthe important question is whether there is an aspect at all, rather than whatthe nature of the aspect might be. It's especially important to understand thecontext of this concept. Modern Astrology has systematically simplifiedinterpretation to the point that the condition of a planet, classically signified byits essential and accidental dignity, has become increasingly ignored, leavingaspects as the onlyway to interpret relationships between planets.


Consider the difference that is raised bythe following example. Suppose that the planet representing your mother istrine to the ruler of your Ascendant, which is you. Let us suppose further thatyour mother's planet is more dignified than yours. Modern astrology will lookat this and say: an easy relationship between you and your mother (trine).However, classical astrology says more. Now what we say is that there is anexcess (trine) implied in the relationship - the relationship goes overboard,in other words. And your mother controls it because she has more dignity.


This then explains the other component ofa classical interpretation of aspects: the aspect is controlled by the planetwith the greater amount of dignity. Thus, we have a way of assessing not merelywhether the two planets relate, but how, and who controls the action.


In this report we have given only thegeneric meanings of the aspects. This could be extended to also combining whichhouses each planet rules to come up with more scenarios for how thisinteraction works, in the fashion of the relationship with your mother that wehave given above.


Venus is Conjunct The Sun

...and Venus is theSignificatrix

You put yourself in danger of a shortlife, aiming at glory, but not attaining it. You risk too much. You are hecticor consumptive, melancholy, and you meet with many crosses, losses andvexations.


It is important to learn not to strive toobtain your desires so vehemently that this actually interferes with success.You can see your goals slip through your fingers because you try to grasp tootightly. (SA)


Mars is Sextile The Moon

The bottom line of the combination of Marsand Moon is that action is seldom sustained in any direction for very long. Thetrick is to find things to work on that don't require long-term and steadyapplication of effort. Anything with can flourish with periodic or punctuatedattention can be very successful.


...and Mars is theSignificator

This is the aspect of loquacity andmutability. You benefit by the common people, or by travel, or often changingyour locality. You are turbulent, furious and rash, but easily persuaded againto a complacent humor.


Mercury is Sextile The Moon

...and Mercury is theSignificator

You are witty and ingenious, a lover ofnovelties and all manner of new inventions and new things, and as mutable andchangeable in your mind, as the weather. You are purely given to the arts ofdissimulation, and a notable expert at mealtime socializing.


Saturn is Square The Sun

In this combination, age meets vitality.What happens? Well, it depends. On a physical level, the condition of yourframe is paramount to your well being. Posture, bearing, and physical conditionare important. But here's the rub. You find it hard to find a balance. The mostobvious manifestation of this is weight: you may gain excess weight, beexcessively thin, or swing. All of these circumstances show that you areunbalanced. When you are unbalanced, the negative manifestations of thiscombination show up in spades. With this combination, it's difficult to havegood timing, so you do the right thing at the wrong time, or the wrong thing atthe right time, which means you get caught.


One other obvious possibility: an absentor distant father. This in turn can result in all sorts of manifestations inyour sense of self, and of authority figures.


...and Saturn is theSignificator

You experience contempt and infamy, withdanger of a violent death, and it may be by the hand of Justice. You aim athigh and great things, but always miss your expectations, for your veryattempts are your ruin, both of goods and estate. You have a show of boldness,courage, and revenge, but your valor is but a vapor.


Saturn is Square Venus

You are guilty of many vicious, unworthyactions, not fit to be named.


Doesn't that sound just great? But whatdoes it mean? Well, it means that you have some trouble deciding just how youfit in with women, or as a woman.


If you are a man, this means that eitheryou are wildly protective of women, or else you may have difficulty seeing pastwomen as a sexual object, or as a lesser creature requiring protection.


If you are a woman, you vacillate betweenwanting independence and freedom, and it becomes difficult to haverelationships with men because it's hard enough to have one facet, let aloneboth!


...and Venus is theSignificatrix

You are subject to deformity and baseness.You are a poor, low, base, timorous spirit, a glutton, and greedy devourer -afflicted with the greatest of all misfortunes, and catastrophes, losing by thefruits and products of the Earth, and indeed a gainer by nothing, but utterlydestructive.


Saturn is Contra-AntiscionMercury

It's tough not to wrap your opinions in alayer of concrete. You don't always pick the best times to be open-minded, oreven the best times to hold on to your convictions.


...and Saturn is theSignificator

You encounter many evils, from mercurialtypes and things, from some pitiful lawyer, peddling attorney, splitter ofcauses or petty clerk. You have an impediment in your speech, that makes youstutter, or stammer, dulls your imagination, spoils your ingenuity, and makesyou wholly intent upon mischief, wickedness, deceit, cheating and thieving.


Jupiter is Square The Sun

Jupiter is Contra-AntiscionThe Sun

Honor, glory, and justice: personal oruniversal? The King, after all, was the dispenser of Justice - and mercy. Youfind it difficult to combine these concepts because of the negativemanifestation of this combination: what used to be called vainglory - the questfor glory for the ego's sake. Do you know your mind well enough to sort outwhen you are just reaching for reputation?


...and Jupiter is theSignificator

You are arrogant and egotistical. You areprofuse and riotous, given to all sorts of excess and prodigality. This killsoff your expectations, and deprives you of all manner of honor and promotion.You are noble, lofty and brave, but only in outward appearance, and you donothing but to be seen doing it.


Tom Lehrer said it well in his comment aboutscouting: what good is a good deed if no one is watching you? The question is:are you willing to use anything which is advantageous to you, or do you reallywant to lead others to something better?


Jupiter is Square Mercury

Jupiter is Contra-AntiscionMercury

[Philosophically-inclined Jupiter meetstopically-inclined Mercury.] Jupiter sees only the forest, while Mercury seesonly the trees. You may have some speech impediment, or you may speak withgreat deliberation. A baseline effect of this configuration is that you mayhave difficulty being understood, and not necessarily from lack of verbalskills. It is more like you have a sign on your back that says,"Misinterpret me!"


...and Jupiter is theSignificator

There is a theme of strife and contentionin your life. You will be involved in many troubles, controversies andperplexities, have many lawsuits, and encumbrances to your very greatprejudice, even the hurt of your health, as of your estate. You will be rash,erratic, and very unstable in all your ways, being generally deceived in allyour expectations. [For Mercury thus afflicted represents things wrong to theimagination.]


The Sun is Square The Moon

Don't expect your life to be one smoothhighway with no entrances or exits! You find it difficult to be truly satisfiedwith any situation, because you are acutely aware that life is full oftrade-offs. The grass may not be greener elsewhere, but being different, it'senticing in its own way.


...and The Sun is theSignificator

Your fortune is mutable, and unstable. Youfall easily into contempt and reproach among the common people, and merit thehatred or displeasure of some eminent or politically connected person. You area cheat, deceiver, or impostor.


Perhaps a little strong. It might bebetter to say that one solution to your sense of disaffection with presentcircumstances (which happens easily because of your conviction that life couldbe better) is self-aggrandizement, and if you go this route, you will bethoroughly put down. In fact, you may be so badly put down the first time youtry this that you are traumatized forever by the reaction. However, if you getaway with it, you become insufferable to others.


Venus is Square The Moon

The essence of this combination isemotional inconstancy. You can offend in an instant through an unchosen remarkor action.


...and Venus is theSignificatrix

You suffer from mutability, strife,contentions, quarreling, debate, being one of an ill tongue, and a worse life,unfortunate in marriage and children, one idle, slothful and lazy, subject topoverty and beggary.

The Faces


The following interpretations areaccording to Ramesey (pp 73-75) and Coley (pp 484-488).


The Moon is in the 3rd Faceof Aries

You have an image of effeminacy, mildness,joy, merryment, full of sport and play. You are acute, and addicted to music.


The Ascendant is in the 2ndFace of Gemini

You have an image of labor, oppression,trouble and obtaining nothing without study. It is too easy to have a nastywit, full of subtle, cunning, and dishonest actions.


Dispositor of The Ascendantis in the 2nd Face of Aquarius

The Almuten of The Ascendantis in the 2nd Face of Aquarius

You have an image of comeliness andbeauty, of understanding, modesty, mildness, clemency, of good behavior, and ofa handsome composed shape.

Planets in Peregrine


The Moon is Peregrine

You could really use a tech manual formatters of the heart! The ebb and flow of daily life is a complete mystery toyou, and you may find it very hard to be perceived of as being consistent, orconstant, because you find it difficult to establish regular routines.

The Humors


There is an ancient theory of wellness andillness that speaks directly to lifestyle questions. This medical model canstill be used today to understand temperament, not only from a psychologicalstandpoint, but also from the perspective of body type, susceptibility tocertain types of conditions, and even obesity. It is a type of understandingwhich can be equally at home in New Age circles, and in health practitioners'offices.


The classical medical model was given byHippocrates a century before astrology had been incorporated into Greekthought.  This model incorporatedfour basic qualities: Hot, Cold, Wet, and Dry. These four qualities varied byseason, gender, age, and person. The ideal of Hippocrates was to lead abalanced life. If the body is balanced, then disease is less likely to takehold. The method of creating balance was diet and regimen.


I have written extensively on thephilosophical underpinnings of this model in my book, Classical Astrology forModern Living. This introduction reviews some of the more pertinent points asthey apply to lifestyle issues.


The entire ancient scheme was based on thefour qualities: Hot, Cold, Wet and Dry. "Hot" and "Cold"were one pair - "Wet" and "Dry" the other. From abehavioral perspective, "Hot" is exactly what you would expect fromthe common parlance: someone who reacts vigorously to anything even remotelyperceived as an attack. "Hot under the collar" is exactly on target.A "Cold" type is basically lethargic, or slow to react, oftenperceived as being unemotional, but "slow to react" would actually becloser. The expression "cool under pressure" is also a good fit.


"Wet" and "Dry" don'thave quite the linguistic familiarity. "Dry" represents anything witha discrete shape or structure, while something "Wet" adapts its shapeto the container. "Dry" thinking is characterized by makingdistinctions, while "Wet" thinking sees connections. A new example ofWet thinking is "hyper-linking:" the World Wide Web is definitelyWet! A Dry thinker  is more easilyswayed by intellectual argument than by passion. A Wet thinker fits emotioninto the picture. Dryness is the position that this moment is unique, thatreality can be "objectively" known. "Wet" thinking takesthe position that separate concepts are interconnected. Without Wet thinking,we could not be astrologers, because it is Wet thinking that sees theinterconnections of microcosm and macrocosm. Without Dry thinking, there wouldbe no technique, because we couldn't distinguish signs, planets, or houses fromeach other. The danger for Dry thinking is that, confronted with something new,the Dry thinker has no solution: the pieces are incompatible, and there is noway to bring them together. Each moment is unique, and unconnected to what camebefore. To the Wet thinker, connections lie everywhere, right down to theinvolvement of the Knights Templar in the assassination of Martin Luther Kingand JFK, and let's not forget that the Templars have connections back toAncient Egypt and Atlantis! Submergence and drowning is the danger of extremeWet thinking. There is nothing for the Wet thinker to grasp for support. Yetone other way to contrast the two is to say that the epitome of Dry thinking isclarity and the epitome of Wet thinking is ambiguity. And yes! The very processof attempting to explain the concept is Dry!


Each of the four qualities actuallyrepresents a cluster of concepts, and their opposites. For example, thequalities Hot and Cold do not represent extremes of a temperature continuum, aswe would define them. They represent qualities of energy, where Hot representshigh energy or physical heat, and Cold represents low energy or physical Cold.But these qualities are opposites in a critically different way from the way wenormally envision them. Take temperature. From a purely chemical perspective,molecules in a hotter gas vibrate more rapidly on average than molecules in acolder gas. Mixing Hot and Cold gases will produce an intermediate result. Inother words, in our thinking the "Cold" portion is completelycanceled out by a portion of the "Hot" component. But this is not howit works - at least as far as the qualities, and not chemistry, is concerned!People are, in fact, more than capable of expressing opposite qualities withoutone canceling the other. In psychological testing there is often an index ofconsistency, which is actually a measure of to what extent an individual willgive the same answer to the same question. If such an index is deemednecessary, it becomes clear exactly how capable we are of expressing"incompatible" ideas and emotions! Opposites do not cancel each otherout!


Thus, people have Hot and Cold qualitiessimultaneously. In fact, having "half and half" would be to manifestequal quantities of each, not to have a "zero-sum state" in which"Hot" cancels "Cold," perhaps producing lukewarm. It may beuseful to envision Hot and Cold as being like two different colored marbles,red and blue. Having more blue marbles doesn't take away the red ones: it justmeans that, if you were to draw one marble out of a box at random, you wouldmore likely draw a blue one, but you could draw a red one.


The balanced state should not be lukewarm.Rather, it is the ability to be high energy (Hot), or completely at rest (Cold)as the moment and the circumstances require. Being merely Hot is to approachall circumstances as a Type A personality: everything is a challenge to beconquered. To approach things from a Cold perspective is to be motionless: towait for the problem to go away or resolve itself without having to doanything: living life as a couch potato.


Finally, this is where Astrology comes in.Hippocrates put forward a workable theory of qualities, but other than generaldistinctions of age, gender, and physical appearance, he had no way to classifya person as having a particular make-up. We do. By using the chart, we can actually calculate the temperamenttype. Further, this result can then be used in a host of ways, including toestablish a diet and exercise plan that truly supports well being.


We finally get something we can sink ourteeth into, because Astrology eventually became the preferred mode fordistinguishing the constitution from its components, or humors.


There are several possibilities for thecomputation of the temperament type. The general definition includes thefollowing components. The method of computation comes from Gadbury, pages249-258; and more specifically in Lilly, pages 531-534 and 742-749.



 1. Sign of Ascendant

 2. Planet ruling Ascendant

 3. Planets aspecting Ascendant

 4. Moon sign and phase

 5. Planets aspecting Moon

 6. Quarter of Year

 7. Lord/Lady of Geniture

 8. Lord/Lady of  Moon




Each component is assigned qualities asfollows:


1. Signs:


Hot and Dry


Hot and Wet


Cold and Dry


Cold and Wet




2. The Moon is classified by phase.

 New to 1st Quarter

Hot and Wet

 1st Quarter to Full

Hot and Dry

 Full to last Quarter

Cold and Dry

 last Quarter to New

Cold and Wet


 3. Seasons are classified as follows.


Hot and Wet


Hot and Dry


Cold and Dry


Cold and Wet


 4. Lord/Lady of the Geniture: this is a compound Almuten forthe hylegical points and angles: the Sun, Moon, Part of Fortune, Ascendant andMidheaven.


This actually gives nine temperamenttypes, not four. The reason is that often two of the qualities are often inbalance, or so close as to have little dominance. These nine types are:

 Hot and Wet


 Hot and Dry


 Cold and Dry


 Cold and Wet













 What may appear to be the simpler states, the single qualityones, are actually more complex. The reason is that the single quality typesare in fact mixtures, because, as we have seen, qualities don't cancel out.Having close to an even ratio of Hot and Cold, or Wet and Dry, means that it iseasy to become out of balance: stress, the change in season, or even too muchto drink. Astrologically, the transit of an Outer Planet brings an effect ofthe nature both of the transiting planet, and of the transiting sign. Peoplewith these combinations may also experience them as being simultaneouslypresent: such as having different parts of the body that are Cold, while otherparts are Hot.


Hippocratic medicine is basicallyallopathic: this means that if you have become out of balance because your bodyis experiencing too much heat (that Mars transit to your Sun?), then you needto take a Cold herb, Cold food, Cold exercise, or literally experience Coldtemperatures in order to cool yourself down. These means of adjusting thequalities experienced by the body fell under the rubric "regimen,"which included such components as the following:


(1) The season of the year: "Inwinter eat as much as possible and drink as little as possible, and food shouldbe bread, with all meats roasted. During this season take as few vegetables aspossible, for so will the body be most Dry and Hot." By the way, thereason for this recommendation is because Winter is classified as Cold and Wet.Thus, to compensate for the seasonal qualities, food is used to heat up and Dryout the seasonal effect.


(2) The age of the person: "Youngpeople also do well to adopt a softer and moister regimen, for this age is Dry,and young bodies are firm. Older people should have a drier diet for the greaterpart of the time..."


(3) The gender: "Women should use aregimen of a rather Dry character, for food that is Dry is more adapted to thesoftness of their flesh..."


(4) The constitution: "Those withphysiques that are fleshy, soft and red, find it beneficial to adopt a ratherDry regimen for the greater part of the year. For the nature of these physiquesis moist."


In food, this is represented by cooked(Hot), raw (Cold), soft food (Wet), or hard food (Dry). In exercise,Hippocrates distinguished two types: wrestling (Cold and Wet) and running (Hotand Dry), but we may extend this considerably by considering the followingclassification:


Classification of exercise:


Hot is represented by aerobic activities,with an emphasis on strength. Cold emphasizes agility: the pinpoint applicationof force with a minimum of effort.


Wet is given by either team or contactsports and Dry by either solo sports, or one-on-one, with the opponentspreferably separated by a distance.


Examples of Sports by Type:


Hot & Wet: football, basketball,soccer, hockey, rugby, lacrosse.


Hot & Dry: track, men's professionaltennis, racing in any medium or on any equipment, weight lifting and training,aerobic classes (although the classes introduce a Wet component through socialinteraction), skiing, jai alai.


Cold & Wet: wrestling, martial arts.


Cold & Dry: archery, fencing,shooting.


Dry: woman's professional tennis (it isstill possible to win by either power or precision), figure skating (definitelyDry, but is it power and jumps [Hot] or precision [Cold]), biathlon (skiing isaerobic, while shooting is Cold, but both are Dry), ski jumping (power helps,but position is critical).


Mixed or variable: baseball, softball andcricket, where a successful player ranges from team play (defense) to solo play(batting), and where either strength of finesse can work, decathlon andheptathlon, which test the balance of all four qualities, gymnastics (differentapparatuses test strength vs. flexibility and balance, and competitions run byboth teams and single competition).


We can also classify the body type bythese characteristics. The two most obvious are Hot and Dry (thin and wiry) andCold and Wet (fat or endomorphic). In general, a Hot body shows musculardevelopment, while a Cold body does not. A Wet body shows fluid retention orroundness, while a Dry body does not. Thinking in typical types of our Olympicathletes, a swimmer has a wetter body than a runner, yet both sports are Hotand Dry. However, swimming takes place in a Wet medium. A marathoner has atypically Dry body, but not especially Hot or Cold, since the musculardefinition is less apparent that the thinness. A male gymnast is about as Hotand Dry as we can imagine: the muscular definition is combined with thinness. Aweightlifter (or a football offensive lineman) is Hot and Wet: both strengthand bulk. The female gymnasts are typically Dry, since the overall effect isanorexic in appearance. Probably the most aerobic sport of all is synchronizedswimming: but here the body type is wetter: in fact, the only sport that isconducted in the water that doesn't have a substantial Wet component to thetypical body type is water polo.


Notice that our current cultural ideal isthe Hot and Dry body, although women are supposed to be wetter - at least fromthe standpoint of breast development. This corresponds to the cholerictemperament type, which was not the preferred  type. The traditionally favored body type was Hot and Wet,which does match the preferred temperament type, known as sanguine. Theadvantage from a social standpoint is that the sanguine type is friendlier: asocial animal highly sensitive to the opinions of others. The choleric type ismore standoff-ish, and given to anger.


This discrepancy between body type idealand personality ideal has not always been as extreme: the voluptuous bodypreferred by Runin and his school is wetter, and thus closer to the sanguinepersonality ideal. While it may be observed that there is not a one-to-onecorrespondence between body type and personality, neither is the distributionrandom. The correspondence is closest in youth, when mind and body have not hadample time and opportunity to diverge. For most people, the basic personalitytype is set by adulthood, while the body continues to change, at the very leastbecoming colder with age. But after adulthood, the personality does notnecessarily change with the body, and this in turn can produce dissonances ofits own.


As we have become increasingly aware ofthe mind-body link again, the corollary needs to be spelled out: the wholeorganism can be affected by deliberate changes to either mind or body. Thus,begin an exercise program, and while the body is primarily affected, there isfeedback to the brain. As we have seen, the equation is not absolute, but it isstill of use.


Thus, we can use this system todeliberately change our energy level, emotional state, or physical condition,but changes have a price. For example, to lose weight, it would make sense tomove to a hotter, dryer state. Obviously, exercising more raises the heat inthe body. But dryness? Many diet programs encourage drinking a lot of water:this should increase the wetness of the body. Why? If the extra water is beingused to flush metabolites from the body, this can work. But if the Native isnaturally Wet to begin with, then fluid retention could consume the greateramount of extra water, thereby increasing instead of decreasing weight.


The underlying question is: how much canwe really change the quality ratio of the body, and what is the cost of doingso? Through aging, seasonal change and transits, there are quite a few changesthat we make unconsciously. So there is a range in which conscious redirectioncan occur. However, we may also understand this question in another way: towhat extent can a Leo consciously operate as a Pisces? Or a Gemini? Obviously,the greater the change from one's natural state, the greater the effort neededto maintain it, and the greater the stress placed upon the body in the process.


We can still change our condition. But thechallenge is to understand the possible: what is the goal, what is the means,and how can this goal be maintained? Then we can apply our knowledge of thequalities to program a new equilibrium. Once the body type is determined, thensome suggestions concerning diet and exercise can be made.


The following description of your bodytype and its ramifications is based on performing a calculation for yourcomplexional type, and then using specific Hippocratic ideas, translated intomodern life styles. This should not be taken as a prescription or guarantee ofa successful lifestyle or activity, but as consistent with understanding theseprinciples as they have been applied historically.


Complexional Scores

Sign of Ascendant: Gemini = Hot and Wet

Ruler of Ascendant: Mercury (Aquarius) =Hot and Wet

Aspect to the Ascendant: The Sun (Winter)= Cold and Wet

Sign of Moon: Aries = Hot and Dry

Phase of Moon: New Moon = Hot and Wet

Aspect to the Moon: The Sun (Winter) =Cold and Wet

Aspect to the Moon: Mercury (Aquarius) =Hot and Wet

Aspect to the Moon: Venus (Capricorn) =Cold and Dry

Aspect to the Moon: Mars (Gemini) = Hotand Wet

Season: Winter = Cold and Wet

Ruler of Geniture: Saturn (Taurus) = Coldand Dry

Ruler of Geniture: Mars (Gemini) = Hot andWet

Almuten of the Moon: The Sun (Winter) =Cold and Wet

Almuten of the Moon: Mars (Gemini) = Hotand Wet


Your final complexional scores are:-

Hot:     8

Cold:   6

Wet:    11

Dry:    3


Complexional Type is Wet

Being "Wet" component means,among other things, that you blur distinctions, and that you are more swayed bypassion than by intellectual argument. At your worst, you see too manyconnections, becoming lost in conspiracies. At your best, you spot theconnection that everyone else missed.


You are most at home in the Winter andSpring, the seasons that matches your qualities. But it's not a good time tolose weight, because the wetness of the season increases your tendencies toedema.


The Hippocratic for the diet to balance"Wet" is to drink juices or alcohol undiluted, and to eat braisedrather than boiled foods. You have a tendency to water retention that may maskother weight considerations. Any foods should tend to be raw or boiled, (ratherthan baked, grilled, or which would simply add to your abundant supply ofheat). You would do well to do enjoy forms of exercise that emphasize muscletoning and muscular strength rather than aerobic exercises. This means favoringweight training with repetitions, rather than dance or movement exercise, andherbal treatments for water retention. Don't allow social considerations at thegym or club to overshadow your exercise!


Being Wet, you are susceptible to diseaseconditions that also involve wetness, such as edema, swellings, mucousdischarges, and the like.


Because you do not have a preponderance ofeither "Hot" or "Cold," this means you can go either way.If you see yourself flying off the handle at people, or into a manic pace ofgetting things done, you have moved into a "Hot" state. If you findyourself resisting getting up in the morning, or leaving the house, or evenleaving the couch, you have moved into a "Cold" state.


Being of a single type, "Wet,"instead of a compound type, means that you are likely to find your"Wet" tendencies fairly easy to adapt to, but that the fluctuationthat you experience between "Hot" states and "Cold" statesis much more difficult to monitor, and to integrate into your routines.


When you are "Hot", you react tothings quickly: by expressing your anger strongly and immediately, you don'ttend to harbor a grudge. This means that others merely have to come to gripswith your tendency to blow, knowing that you will get over it.


The Hippocratic suggestion for the diet tobalance "Hot" is to drink Cold liquids, preferably diluted. Foodsshould tend toward raw or boiled. In exercise, you do well with aerobicactivities, although you are quite capable of carrying this to an extreme.


When you are "Hot," exercise isan effective component of your weight control system, and the more aerobic thebetter. For best effectiveness as a weight control system, it's better tominimize fluid intake before exercise, and to eat sparingly while still heatedup from exercise. It's better to eat raw foods at this time: you basically wantyour body to shift its higher metabolism into the digestive process, and ineffect, spend calories "heating up" your food. Being Hot, you willappreciate any exercise that emphasizes speed. Racing in all media, and withany toy, is a good kind of exercise.


When you are in a "Cold" state,you have an outward appearance of being unemotional. A "Cold" type isbasically lethargic, or slow to react. The "problem" with"Cold" is that it makes it hard for you to forget slights. Becauseyou don't tend to lash out immediately, it's hard for you not to allow youranger to build up. You can be a brooder. Because you wait to think things overbefore expressing yourself, when you do choose to express yourself, you canpresent a much more thoughtful approach. However, it is often tempting to saynothing at all, and if this is an issue that you consider at all important,then you are likely to build up resentment.


When you are in a "Cold" state,any symptoms of illness often appear gradually rather than suddenly, and may bevery difficult to get rid of. You also need to watch for symptoms that you are"freezing up:" that your muscles are becoming locked from staying toolong in one position.


The Hippocratic suggestion for the diet tobalance "Cold" is to eat copiously. Fast walking is also recommended,and if weight loss is desired, then food should be taken immediately afterexercise, when the body is still heated up. The difficulty you have withexercise is not the lack of discipline - but getting yourself started to do it.Cold people act strongly out of inertia - a body at rest stays at rest untilforced to move, but a body in motion stays in motion as well. So the key hereis to get into motion in the first place. You find it easier to stick to onerepetitive system than to vary your patterns.


So what if your temperament type doesn'tmatch your body type? There are still two things to consider. The first is thebody type given by the ruler of your Geniture. This planet represents thegreatest planetary influence that you personally express.


Ruler of the Geniture isSaturn

Saturn is always Cold, and either Dry orWet, depending on whether it's oriental or occidental. Since Saturn is Cold, itworks to defeat whatever heat your temperament type generates.


As a body type, Saturn is spare, lean andstiff. When your Ruler of the Geniture is Saturn, but your body type is Wet, orSaturn is oriental, thereby making it wetter, it doesn't so much produce a bodytype that is plumper, as a body that is susceptible to swellings and edema.Your outlook on life is sober, if not survivalist. However, while Saturn isnoted for playing by the rules, the Saturn-ruled type can actually be among themost revolutionary when it comes to changing the rules.


With Saturn, the worry is arthritis, orjoints locking, or joint pain. Now, if your Saturn is in a fire sign, there's abasic conflict between the sign of Saturn and the coldness that Saturnrepresents. What happens is that the heat of the fire sign gets translated intofevers in an acute condition.


You be may said to walk like an oldperson, even when you are quite young. You tend less to walk, than to shuffle.You are constantly mistaken for being older than your are.


You will be a close, discriminatingperson, altogether aiming at your own interest; high-minded, self-conceited,sufficiently churlish, and of a dogged disposition; timorous; misogynous andlibidinous; many times addicted to swearing, lying, and dissembling; not astranger to drunkenness. (C)


Ruler of the Geniture isMars

Your body type is Hot and Dry. This meansthat weight gain is not a problem - unless you have medical complications, oryou become a couch potato.  You areat your best when you are exercising regularly and often, and you can developconsiderable pride in your physique.


As a Mars-ruled type, you resent anythingand anyone who attempts to limit your freedom of expression. Don't fence me in!Martial types are natural anarchists because you are very sensitive to anyslights, and any restrictions. However, there is an ironic respect fordiscipline if properly applied. Consider, for example, the discipline necessaryto develop swordsmanship. You don't learn mastery overnight, and Mars is quitehappy to practice over and over to get it right. And this points up Mars' essentialposition with respect to all discipline: discipline is fine as a means to andend. The discipline of training, the discipline of remaining within ranks as astrategy is absolutely fine. Mars resents discipline as an end in itself.


You chafe at the bit under the stress ofstructure applied for structure's sake. You find it difficult to restrainyourself simply because it's the social convention. When you gain weight, it'sbasically because you've let yourself go, abandoning physical activity whilecontinuing or even increasing your food consumption. An exercise program workswonders, and you'll feel better anyway. You need a target! So best to let it bean up-front one: a competitor in sports or games, where you can be asaggressive as you want.


You benefit from discipline, because youare rash, in deed and in tongue. This can manifest as quarreling, fighting,swearing, lying, stealing, and general mayhem. (C)


...and Mars is Dignified byTerm

Your inclinations or intentions are notnecessarily bad, but you need to watch your tongue. Prideful boasting can turnothers against you to the point that they will lie to discredit you. (C)


So: suppose your body type doesn't matcheither your complexion or your Geniture type? By now, it should be obvious thatsomeone's "type" is a visual clue: corpulence is Wet, thin is Dry,muscular is Hot, undifferentiated is Cold.


There are two explanations for deviationfrom type. (We exclude the possibility of merely being wrong, you understand!)The first is that there is some component in your chart which is completelyunrelated to the angles that is skewing your type. This planet or configurationin its particular is so strong that it dwarfs other factors, but, beingunrelated to the angles, would not carry much weight in either the complexionalcalculation or the Ruler of Geniture calculation.


The second is that you have a medicalcondition which masks your "natural" body type. For example, if youhave a metabolic disorder, such as hypothyroidism or diabetes, this can resultin weight or water retention patterns completely apart from your naturalpatterns. In this light, if you observe yourself changing rapidly in your bodypatterns - rapid weight gain or loss (unexplained by dieting orsupplementation), or changes in your water balance - it may be wise to seek aconsultation with a health practitioner to determine whether you have acondition which needs attention. At the very minimum, a significant change fromyour normal body type may be indicative of stress that you are not handling.






Gadbury, John. 1658. Genethlialogia, orThe Doctrine of Nativities Together with The Doctrine of Horarie Questions. Printed by J[ohn] C[oniers] for WilliamLarner. In production: Regulus Publishing Co., Ltd.: London.


Jones, W.H.S., Translator. 1931, 1992. HippocratesIV. Loeb ClassicalLibrary: Harvard University Press: Cambridge, MA.


Lehman, J. Lee. 1996. ClassicalAstrology for Modern Living.Whitford Press: West Chester, PA.



And so it ends. This report has been anexample of Technique applied, but not Art. In the ancient world, it wasrecognized that knowledge and learning encompassed a whole range of gradations,far more than the styles of learning taught today. Technique essentiallyconsists of the components of a field of knowledge that are the buildingblocks, the items that are fully reproducible from worker to worker.


If we were to make a table, technique liesin the cutting of the top and four legs of equal length, sanding the wood,fastening them to the table top, leveling the whole table, and then staining orvarnishing the wood. At the end, we have a table. But is it Art?

Glossary of Terms &References Cited


What follows is a glossary of terms, basedon classical sources. It is from the Election a Day 1997 Calendar, availablefrom Just Us & Associates, 1420 N.W. Gilman Blvd., Suite #2154, Issaquah WA98027-7001 USA


Where a clear ancient source for thedefinition exists, I have quoted it verbatim, according to the followingsources:


CO = Coley, Henry. 1676. ClavisAstrologiae, or a Key to the whole Art of Astrology. New Filed and Polished inThree Parts. Thomas Sawbridge: London. Available from Ballantrae.


FI = Maternus, Firmicus. 334. AncientAstrology Theory And Practice. Matheseos Libri VIII. Translated By Jean RhysBram. Noyes Press: Park Ridge NJ. 1975. Available Ballantrae.


GA = Gadbury, John. 1658. Genethlialogia,or The Doctrine of Nativities Together with The Doctrine of Horarie Questions.Printed by J[ohn] C[oniers] for William Larner. In production: RegulusPublishing Co., Ltd.: London.


iE = ibn Ezra, Abraham. 1148. TheBeginning of Wisdom. An Astrological Treatise by Abraham ibn Ezra. Edited byRachel Levy & Francisco Cantera: The Johns Hopkins Press: Baltimore, 1939.


LI = Lilly, William. 1647. ChristianAstrology. Reprinted in 1985 by Regulus: London. Also available: Just Us &Associates.


PA = Partridge, John. 1679.Mikropanastron, or an Astrological Vade Mecum, briefly Teaching the whole Artof Astrology - viz., Questions, Nativities, with all its parts, and the wholeDoctrine of Elections never so comprised nor compiled before, &c. WilliamBromwich: London. Pages 19-25


RA = Ramesey, William. 1653. AstrologiaRestaurata; or Astrology Restored: being an Introduction to the General andChief part of the Language of the Stars. Printed for Robert White: London.Available from Ballantrae: Brompton, Ontario, Canada( and Just Us & Associates.


SA = Salmon, William. 1679. The Soul ofAstrology. Horae Mathematicae seu Urania: the Soul of Astrology, containingthat Art in all its parts, in Four Books, &c. London. Available fromBallantrae. The section used in the aspect interpretations was pages 65-83.



Accidental Dignity: this is a mix of conditions, all of whichrelate to the strength of a planet being increased (or decreased, withaccidental debility) because of the planet's placement, apart from its tropicalzodiacal position. The kinds of factors which are included in the tables ofaccidental dignity include: house placement, whether oriental or occidental, inconjunction to fixed stars, aspects to benefics or malefics, closeness to theSun, and speed.


Almuten/Almutem: There are five Essential Dignities forany degree of the zodiac: the rulership (+5), exaltation (+4), triplicity (+3),term (+2), and face (+1). If you take a particular house cusp, find the planetwhich rules each of the five essential dignities of the position, and assignthe points to the planet. The planet with the highest point value is theAlmuten. For example: for 8 Aries 15: Mars is the ruler (+5), the Sun rules theexaltation (+4), the triplicity (+3) and the face (+1) = +8, and Mercury theterms (+2): the Sun is Almuten. Arabic sources give the word as"Almutem," but by the 17th Century, the word was consistently beingtranslated and used as "Almuten."


Antiscion: "Some of the learned in this Art dohold that the Antiscions of the Planets be equivalent unto a Sextile or aTrine-aspect, especially if they were beneficial Planets; and theirContrantiscions to be of the nature of Quadrate or Opposition. How to know theAntiscions is no more than this; first, know the Antiscions of the signs, whichis no more but a sign being equally distant with another from Cancer andCapricorn the two Tropicks; as Gemini hath its Antiscion in Cancer, Taurus inLeo, Aries in Virgo, Pisces in Libra, Aquarius in Scorpio, and Capricorn inSagittary; for when the Sun is in 1 of Gemini, he is as far from the Tropickpoint of Cancer as when he is in 29 of Cancer; and in the 5 of Taurus, aswhen the 25 of Leo, &c.... The Contrantiscion is known thus; look in whatsign, degree and minute your Antiscion falls, and your contrantiscion will bein the same degree and minute as your opposite sign to your Antiscion. [RA]


Application, "is when two Planets approach eachother, either by Body or Aspect; and this may be three several ways: First,when both Planets are direct, for Example, Jupiter in 11 deg. of Aries, andMars in 9 degrees of Aries, both of them direct; here Mars apples to aconjunction of Jupiter.


"The second is when two Stars areRetrograde, and apply to each other by a Retrograde motion; thus Jupiter in 9degrees of Aries. Retrograde, and Mars in 11 degrees of the same SignRetrograde also, here Mars applies to the body of Jupiter by Retrograde motion.


"Thirdly, when one Planet isRetrograde in more degrees of a Sign, and another direct in fewer; as supposeMars in 12 degrees of Aries Retrograde, and Venus in 10 degrees of Aries, hereMars applies to Venus and Venus applies to Mars, and this kind of applicationis of great force and efficacy in all manner of Astrological Resolutions; butthis must be remembered also, that a Superior Planet cannot apply to an Inferiorone, unless he be Retrograde. "[PA]


Beholding: This word has shifted somewhat over time,but it refers to two planets which are either in ptolemaic aspect (conjunction,opposition, trine, square or sextile) or antiscial, or contranticialrelationship.


"The Bendings": the points square the Nodal axis. If aplanet square the Nodes is zodiacally between the North Node and the South Node(i.e., start counting at the North Node), then it is at the Northern Bending;if between the South Node and the North Node, it is at the Southern Bending.


Besieging: "this I think need no Explanation,for every Souldier understands it; as suppose Saturn in 10 deg. Jupiter in 1deg. and Mars in 13 deg. of Leo; here Jupiter is besieged by Saturn andMars." [PA]


Cazimi: "is when a Planet is in the heart ofthe Sun; that is, not distant from him above 17 min. as Mars in 10 deg. 30 min.of Aries, the Sun in 10 deg. 15 min. of Aries; here Mars is in Cazimi."[PA]


Combustion: "A Planet is Combust when he is notdistant from the Sun 8 deg. 30 min. either before or after him; for Example,Jupiter in 10 deg. of Aries, the Sun in 14 deg. and Mars in 18, here bothJupiter and Mars are Combust; and observe that a Planet going to Combustion ismore afflicted than when departing from it." [PA]


Essential Dignity: Essential dignity was a system forassessing the strength of a planet by its placement in the zodiac alone. Therewere five essential dignities: by sign, exaltation, triplicity, term, and face.A planet with dignity can act or do as it wants, whereas a planet withoutdignity has difficulty getting from Point A to Point B except by a verycircuitous route.


Face: One of the minor dignities, also calledChaldean decanates. The faces are 10 slices of the signs, marked by planetaryrulers falling in the sequence known as the Chaldean order. The Face is given+1 point.


In a House; the 5 rule: Consider the movement of the planetsdiurnally. For example, the Sun "rises" by going from the 1st Houseto the 12th House. A planet on the 12th House side of the Ascendant may be saidto be angular if it is within 5 of the Ascendant: this is the so-called 5rule. Depending on the source, this may actually entail anywhere from 2 to7-8, depending on the source, and whether the House moved into is Angular,Succedent, or Cadent (largest for Angular; smallest for Cadent).


Joys: This word was used two ways, which canlead to some confusion. One use was as a synonym for "exaltation."The second was an indicator of which house would be the top choice for a givenplanet. The joys by house are: Mercury = 1st House, Moon = 3rd House, Venus =5th House, Mars = 6th House, Sun = 9th House, Jupiter = 11th House, and Saturn= 12th House.


Occidental: "is when a Planet or Star sets afterthe Sun is down." [PA]


Oriental: "is when a Planet riseth before theSun." [PA]


Partile: within the same degree number. Noticethat this is not an orb size. The Moon at 6 Leo 01 is partile Mars at 6 Leo 59,while the Moon in the same place, and Mars at 5 Leo 59 is within a degree, butnot partile. Any aspect may be called either partile, or plactic, for thosethat are not partile.


Peregrine: "a Planet is Peregrine when he is ina Sign and degree where he hath no Essential dignity, as Mars in 26 degrees ofGemini is Peregrine, because he hath no dignity there, &c." [PA]


Quality: the Greek system of components thatunderlaid their elemental and physical systems: the qualities are hot &cold (active), and wet & dry (Passive). Please refer to the table shownunder "temperaments" to see how these qualities corresponded to thesystem of elements.


Reception "is when two Planets are in eachother's dignities, as the Sun in Aries, and Mars in Leo, here is a Reception byHouse, it may be also by Exaltation, Triplicity, Term and Face." [PA]


Sect: whether diurnal or nocturnal. The primarysect of a chart is whether the chart itself is by day or night. A night charthas the Sun posited in the 1st through 6th Houses; a day chart has the Sun inthe 12th through 7th Houses: right on the Ascendant-Descendant is anyone'sguess! In addition, planets were considered to have intrinsic sect (Sun,Jupiter and Saturn: diurnal; Moon, Venus and Mars: nocturnal; Mercury: mixed);signs had intrinsic sect (Masculine = diurnal, Feminine = nocturnal), andplanets had sect placement, according to whether they were diurnally ornocturnally placed in the chart in question.


Sect Light: The Sun, for a day chart; the Moon for anight chart.


Separation: "is when two Planets have been inConjunction or Aspect and are going from it as Jupiter in 6 degrees of Ariesand Mars in 7 degrees; here Mars separates himself from Jupiter; but yet he isnot quite separated from him till they are distant from each other 8 degrees 30minutes, which is the moiety of both their Orbs; what their Orbs and Aspectsare." [PA]


Temperament: This was a system that Hippocrates usedfor relating a number of common conditions found in people. He described fourtemperaments, and each type was characterized by a similar psychology,metabolism, and pattern of illnesses. The four types are given in the followingtable, taken from Classical Astrology for Modern Living:


Libra, Aquarius, Gemini


Wet, becoming Hot


Aries, Leo, Sagittarius


Hot, becoming Dry


Capricorn, Taurus, Virgo


Dry, becoming Cold


Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces


Cold, becoming Wet


 Sanguine types are the jolly glad-handers; choleric type flyoff the handle; melancholics are morose, and phlegmatic are lethargic.


Term: One of the five essential dignities. TheTerm ruler was said to be "of the body" of that planet, so if theAscendant is in the Terms of Saturn, it would represent a person serious,older, in a saturnine profession, etc. - primarily physical or outwardappearance. The Term was given +2 points, and is considered a minor dignity.


Triplicity: One of the five essential dignities.Triplicities run by element, so there is one set of rulers for the fire signs,another for earth, etc. Triplicity is worth +3 points on the scale of essentialdignities. The trick is that there are three different systems. Two of themutilize a day, night, and mixed ruler; the third, which was in common use byEnglish astrologers in the 17th Century, used only day and night. Among themost obvious differences between the two that will be seen in this work isJupiter being the mixed Triplicity ruler of Air: thus, for a year with JupiterIn Aquarius, Jupiter will often be the most dignified planet, and willvirtually always be a contender for use because of the dignity.


Under the Sun's Beams: "a Planet is said to be under theSun's beams, till he is full 17 degrees distant from him." [PA]


Via combusta: zone from 15 Libra to 15 Scorpio.Considered a dangerous area of the sky.


Void of Course: "is when a Planet is separated fromone, and doth not apply to any other while he is in that Sign, and it is mostobservable in the Moon." [PA]